Palekh is an urban-type settlement, the
administrative center of the Palekh district of the Ivanovo region
of the Russian Federation. The settlement is located 60 km
south-east of the regional center and 30 km east of Shuya. The
settlement of artists, best known for Palekh miniature. It is one of
the settlements included in the Golden Ring of Russia.
Palekh is located on the Ivanovo-Nizhny Novgorod
highway, 63 km along the road southeast of the regional center of
Ivanovo, and 30 km east of the city of Shui. The distance to the
nearest railway station of the Russian Railways "Shuya" is 32 km. A
small river Paleshka (formerly named Paleksha River) flows through
the village - the left tributary of the Lyulekha River, the left and
largest tributary of the Teza River, part of the Oka basin district.
Travel Destinations in Palekh
Church architecture 1 Holy Cross Church with a hipped bell
tower. 2 Elias Church (Temple of Elijah the Prophet).
Civil architecture House I.M. Bakanova. House brothers
Solonin. House I.P. Vakurov. House M.P. Vakurov.
Museums 1 State Museum of Palekh Art, st. Bakanova, d.50. 2
House Museum of P. D. Corin. 3 House-Museum of I.I. Golikova.
4 Museum of the sculptor N.V. Dydykina. 5 Private museum-workshop
of the national artist of Russia N. Golikov.
Farther afield 4 km north-west of Palekh is the village of
Krasnoye, in which the Holy Znamenskaya Church was built in 1804,
one of the few in the area that did not close after the revolution.
History of Palekh
The exact date of the foundation of Palekh is
unknown, according to historians' assumptions, it is possible to
date the emergence of a settlement about the 9th century. The first
documented mention refers to the XVII century.
It is believed
that the founders of the settlement, who originally lived here - are
the Meryans or another Finno-Ugric tribe. According to one of the
versions, the name Palekh comes from the hydronym Paleksha (now in a
diminutive form: “Palerna”), that is, on behalf of the river flowing
here, from the Finno-Ugric word of the chronicle tribe Merya.
According to historians, Palekh, like other nearby villages, was
owned by the Russian princes Paletsky (Palitsky) in the 14th and
15th centuries. Palekh was the center of the specific Paletsky
principality, as one of the frontiers in Starodubsky principality.
According to the Scribal Book of the Vladimir District of
Bogolyubovo Mill of 1628–1630, one third of the village of Palekh is
listed in the birthplace of Governor Ivan Buturlin and his children:
Ivan Buturlin was given the estate “for the Moscow siege seat
royal”. Up to 1861, part of the villagers were serfs of the nobles
Since olden times in Palekh (at the cemetery)
there was a wooden Ilinsky church (it dates back to the 17th
century); in its place, in 1790, a single altar stone church was
erected in the name of the holy prophet Elijah. In 1762–1774, in the
center of the village, at the expense of the parishioners, a new
stone Holy Cross Church was built, painted inside and richly
decorated by Palekh masters.