Paratunka, Russia

Paratunka is a village in the Elizovsky district of the Kamchatka Territory of Russia, the administrative center of the Paratunsky rural settlement. A resort village famous for its medicinal thermal waters. It is located in the upper reaches of the Paratunka River, 70 km southwest of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Population - 1657 people.

An Orthodox monastery of the All Saints Skete operates 12 km from the village.


Geographical position

The village of Paratunka is located at the intersection of the highway leading towards Vilyuchinsk and the Paratunka River.



The climate is transitional from maritime to continental. The summers are cool (the average temperature in July and August is + 13-14 ° С), the winters are somewhat colder than in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (the average January temperature is –9 ° С). The average rainfall is up to 1120 mm per year. Due to the fact that the village and the resort area are surrounded on all sides by hills, the average annual wind speed here is much lower than in the regional capital.

Among the main advantages of Paratunka is thermal hot water coming from the bowels of the earth. Due to this, without a CHP and other power plants, it is possible to supply hot water to houses without additional heating, which significantly saves the regional administration's funds. Also, an additional advantage associated with the absence of a CHP is air purity.



In 1703, a detachment of Cossacks under the command of Rodion Presnetsov went to Avacha Bay and then to the Paratunka River.

Local tribes considered hot springs to be abodes of evil spirits and did not visit them. In 1805, the naturalist physician Langsdorf, a member of the Krusenstern expedition, visited the sources and made a description of them.

During the reign of the Governor of Kamchatka, Rear Admiral V.S.Zavoiko, the Paratunsky Springs were at the zenith of glory. They were used to create bathing pools with changing rooms. A wooden church was built near the source. In 1879, the exiled doctor B.I.Dybowski made a great contribution to the study of sources from a medical point of view. They were studied and described by expeditions led by F. P. Ryabushinsky (1908-1910), as well as A. N. Zavaritsky with the participation of academician B. I. Piip.

Near the village, in the battles for the establishment of Soviet power in 1922, the commander of the partisan detachment G. M. Yelizov died, after whom the city of Yelizovo and the district of the same name were named.

The development of the springs is associated with the name of the teacher P.T.

After the war, in 1950, the Central Institute of Balneology of the USSR equipped a complex expedition with the aim of using the spa sources.

In 1967, the world's first freon-powered small geothermal power plant was launched in Paratunka; the remains of this station are still preserved near the village of Termalny.



Paratunka is a large balneological resort based on the Nizhne-Paratunsky springs, which are typical low-mineralized nitrogen alkaline siliceous springs. According to the ionic composition - sulphate-chloride sodium-calcium with a temperature of 42.5 ° C, alkaline (pH - 8.1). The main active ingredients are silicic acid (up to 80 mg / l). Thermal (up to 61 ° C) nitrogen mineral water and sulphide silt mud of Lake Utinoe. In connection with such an abundance of therapeutic mud and thermal water, more than 30 hotels, tourist recreation centers and sanatoriums have been built. The sanatorium of the same name is located near the village. Due to the unique properties of the water, the eponymous thermal spray water “Paratunka” is produced.

From Paratunka you can make walking and car one-day excursions to the Vilyuchinsky, Gorely, Mutnovsky volcanoes. Snow cover lasts from November to June inclusive, and therefore there are all conditions for skiing, heli-skiing, snowmobiling.



There is a good but hazardous asphalt road to Paratunka. On the sides of the road there are many villages, several recreation areas, many sanatoriums, recreation centers. There is a regular bus service (minibuses). Helicopter service is also possible.