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 Monument to Flooded Ships (Sevastopol)

Monument to Flooded Ships (Sevastopol)

 

 

 

Location: Sevastopol

 

 

 

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Description of Monument to Flooded Ships

Monument to Flooded Ships is one of the most famous monuments dedicated to the Russian Nave. It is depicted on the coat of arms of the city and is considered one of the Sevastopol's main attractions. Monument to Flooded Ships is lcoated the Sevastopol Bay, the waterfront Promenade. Monument to Flooded Ships was erected in 1905 in honor of the 50th anniversary of the dirst defense of Sevastopol during the Crimean war. It marks a tragic event when Russian sailors were forced to sink their own ships and move to land fortress at the face of approaching Anglo- French navy. In total they sank 80 ships. Ship cannons were removed and added to the battery on land. After rule of Russian Emperor Nicholas I Black Sea Fleet didn't see much modernization. While most of the Russian Navy was made up of sailing ships, Western European fleet already began adding ironclads with greater firing range and better protection. Russian sailing ships couldn't compete with technologically advanced navy at sea so defense of the Russian base became the only feasable way to resist invasion. Sunken ships created a problem for the Anglo- French ships and in combination with the shore batteries greatly decreased invaders' technological superiority.

 

Monument to Flooded Ships was designed by an Estonian sculptor A. Adamson as well as military engineers O. Enberg and V. Feldman. Light gray column was installed on the natural granite boulders cliff that is barely visible above sea waves. Columned is crowned by a capital with a huge bronze double- headed eagle with outstretched wings. Its gaze is directed toward the entrance into the Sevastopol Bay and Black Sea beyond. Eagle's heads are crowned by a large imperial crown. In its beak it holds a massive wreath. Left side is made up of laurel leaves, and the right side is made up of acorns and oak leaves. A sea anchor is attached to the wreath by a hanging chain. Breast of the eagle carries a shield with the image of Saint George. Base of the column consists of hexagonal pedestal of hewn granite blocks. Side of pedestal that is facing the promenade is covered by scenes of the flooding ships. Inscription below a bas relief states "In memory of ships sunk in 1854-55 to block the entrance of ships". A signature of a sculpture ("A. Adamson, scultpor, 1904") is also visible in the lower right corner.

 

Monument to Flooded Ships is one of the main symbols and hallmark of Sevastopol. Its central location is the reason why most of tourists come and see it during their visits.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

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