Teberda, Russia


Teberda (Karach-Balk. Teberdi) is a resort town in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic. Named after the Teberda river, in the valley of which the city is located.

The city is located on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus, on the Military-Sukhum road, 100 km south of Cherkessk and 36 km from the city of Karachaevsk.



It is named after the Teberda River, in the valley of which the city is located.



It is located on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus, on the Military Sukhum road, 100 km south of Cherkessk and 36 km from the city of Karachaevsk.

The Teberda River Valley is a mid-mountain and high-mountain region. The wind regime in Teberda is special: foehns and mountain-valley winds bring clean air from the mountains. The closedness of the Teberda valley affects not only the temperature, but also the humidity.

The climate is determined by mountainous relief, rather low atmospheric pressure, intense solar radiation, insignificant cloudiness, relatively warm winters and cool summers. The average temperature of the coldest month of winter, January is -2.3 degrees, in July and August +15.5 degrees. The duration of sunshine here reaches 2200 hours per year.



Founded in 1868 as a village of Karachays. The first were 40 families from the clan of Ozhai Baichorov, and therefore the village was called for some time by his last name Baichoralany-Kabak, where the second component means "village, village". Over time, a significant part of the inhabitants began to be representatives of other genera, and the primary name was replaced by the name according to the location on the Teberda River.

In 1925, the first tuberculosis sanatorium was opened. Later, a large number of sanatoriums and rest houses were opened (Mountain Gorge, Kluhori, Azgek tourist base, Teberda hotel, etc.).

On July 15, 1941, by decision of the regional executive committee, an additional deployment of 65 evacuation hospitals with 32,395 beds was approved, of which: in Kislovodsk - 15,945, Essentuki - 5,715, Pyatigorsk - 4,690, Zheleznovodsk - 3,090, Teberda - 280, regions of the region - 2675 beds.

On December 22, 1942, the Germans killed 54 children in "gas chambers" who were being treated for bone tuberculosis in Teberda. The corpses of the children were subsequently dumped into the Teberdinsky Gorge. The sanatorium was among those children's institutions that did not manage to be evacuated during the offensive of the German army.

By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of February 8, 1971, the resort village of Teberda was given the status of a city.



The resort is located on the territory of the Teberdinsky Reserve, the city has a museum exposition dedicated to the reserve.

The city is the center of climate and balneological treatment. There are several tourist centers and sanatoriums here.

Hiking is popular. There are many routes, including those that do not require special training and equipment, for example, to the picturesque Baduk lakes.


How to get there

The town is located in the valley of the Teberda River at an altitude of 1280 meters (in the center). The A-155 highway, known as the Military Sukhumi Highway, passes through the city in transit.

You can only get there by car, the nearest airports are in Minvody and Stavropol, the nearest railway station is Ust-Dzheguta. The city is connected by road with Karachaevsk, Cherkessk and further with the rest of the world.

Bus Karachaevsk-Teberda, daily from the bus station Karachaevsk, travel time from 50 minutes to 1 hour.



No public transport



There are few shops in the town. All trade is focused on tourists, the local population is not rich - here, in some stores, they still write on credit (2020).

In the city, in the area of the Northern microdistrict, there is a market on Fridays. You can buy natural wool for yarn, traditional knitted Karachay woolen products - scarves, capes, socks and the famous Teberda sweaters. The food part of the market is represented by products from dried and fresh meat, as well as ayran, sour cream, various varieties of local cheese, including cheese.

Supermarket Mega, corner of st. Lermontov and Shkolnaya st.. 7:00–22:00. The only mini market in town. They accept cards, there is a Sberbank ATM near the entrance.


Night life

Basically absent.


Where to stay

Internet help you. But keep in mind that what you expect can be very different from reality. Accommodation is better in guest houses.

From a thousand rubles per person-seat. You can try to look for a one-room apartment for one and a half thousand per night, but most likely it will be the Northern microdistrict - a very pitiful sight, clearly demonstrating the entire post-Soviet collapse in the provinces.



Mobile communications are the main three operators, Megafon catches the best (so they say). There is also mobile Internet and geolocation seems to be loaded, but not everywhere. From television - only miserable federal channels, if there is no satellite dish. Radio - steadily catches one (!) radio station, "Radio of Russia".


Precautionary measures

The service does not match the price at all. They take money for everything in the most shameless way.
If you do not apply sun cream, you can get sunburned in a few minutes.
Cows and sheep roam the roads in herds, cakes everywhere. You have to drive very carefully. In addition, roads with a variable longitudinal profile and abound in closed turns. Local residents do not follow the rules, in particular, do not pay attention to markings and signs. A couple of cameras are installed in the city itself.