Terek, Russia

Terek (Kabard-Cherk. Terch k'ale) is a city in the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. The administrative center of the Tersk region. The city is located in the western part of the Tersk region, on the right bank of the Terek River. It is located 53 km east of the city of Nalchik (on the road).

The area of ​​the urban settlement is 12 km2. The length of the city from north to south is 5 km, from west to east - 3 km.

Terek borders on the lands of settlements: Arik in the north, Deyskoe in the east, International and Aleksandrovskaya in the west.

The settlement is located in the foothill zone of the republic, on the sloping Kabardian plain. The terrain is relatively flat with hilly elevations in the west and north. Average heights in the territory of the municipality are 254 meters above sea level.

The hydrographic network is represented by the Terek River. The river valley is occupied by dense riverside forests. To the north of the city, there are cascades of small canals designed for irrigation of agricultural land in the region. To the north of the city is the Arikskie Dubki forest.

The climate is humid, temperate, with warm summers and cool winters. The average annual air temperature is about + 10.5 ° С, and ranges from average + 22.5 ° С in July to average -2.0 ° С in January. The average daily air temperature ranges from -5 ° С to + 10 ° С in winter, and from + 16 ° С to + 30 ° С in summer. Minimum temperatures in winter are extremely rare below -12 ° С, in summer maximum temperatures reach + 35 ° С. The average annual rainfall is about 650 mm. Most of the precipitation falls between April and June. The main winds are east and north-west.



The date of foundation of the city of Terek is considered to be 1876, when the new railway station Murtazovo was put into operation. The new station was formed on the lands of the Kabardian noblemen Murtazovs, in whose honor the station got its name. At that time, the station staff were located in only three residential buildings. Years later, other residential and economic buildings, as well as small private establishments, began to form around the station.

In 1920, a district congress of Soviets of Malaya Kabarda took place, based on the results of the meeting, it was decided to build a new settlement near the station. According to the developed plan, the new settlement was to become the district center of Malaya Kabarda. At the same time, the district congress chose the name Terek for the new settlement.

Initially, this settlement was supposed to retain the name Murtazovo. But as the Soviet power was consolidated in society, the desire to rename the settlements that bore the names of the ("old-regime") Kabardian princely and noble families prevailed. As a result, the settlement was named after the Terek River, on the right bank of which it began to be upset.

In 1935 Terek was given the status of an urban-type settlement. In 1945 - the status of a workers' settlement.

During the Great Patriotic War at the end of 1942, the village was occupied by German troops for several weeks. Released in early 1943. Monuments and monuments have been erected in the city in memory of the victims.

In August 1967, the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR was published on the transformation of the Terek village into a city of regional subordination. The city council was formed in it.