Tsori, Russia


Tsori (Ingush. Tskhyori) is an ancient city-settlement in Ingushetia. Located in the Dzheirakhsky district. Now abandoned village, administratively part of the rural settlement of Guli.

On the territory of the city-settlement there is an architectural complex "Tsori", represented by many historical objects: 3 battle towers, 20 residential towers, as well as 12 crypt burial grounds and 1 mausoleum. Currently, these objects of Ingush architecture and the entire territory of the settlement are included in the Dzheirakh-Assy State Historical-Architectural and Natural Museum-Reserve and are under state protection.



The stone towers in the village of Tsori date back, relatively speaking, to the 12th-17th centuries. Today, the towers are abandoned and partially destroyed, but once it was a powerful castle-type complex erected on the crest of a mountain ledge near Mount Tsori. The complex consists of three impressive military and about 20 residential towers with various outbuildings and burial structures. It was built by the Tsori people, one of the Ingush communities that played a leading role in the Assinsky Gorge in the 19th century. During the late Middle Ages, Tsori was a kind of spiritual, economic and political center of the entire region. Initially being the center of the eponymous shahar (union of communities - teips), in the 19th century it became the core around which the teips united into a single Ingush people.

Craftsmen and craftsmen, scientists and architects Tsori were famous for their art throughout the region. The external similarity of the many towers of the complex is explained by the similarity of their proportions: probably, the Tsorints found a kind of a single golden standard for the ratio of parts of buildings. Nevertheless, each of the towers has its own character: different forms of stones, arches over doors and windows, the number and proportions of the latter, and most importantly, decorative elements.

Admiring Tsori up close, you can see preserved ornaments on the walls of many buildings, made in a very simple and at the same time original way: in order to decorate the buildings, some stones were removed from even walls, creating a relief. In addition, the towers are decorated with simple drawings and solar symbols carved on stones - the so-called petroglyphs. A special distinctive detail of the design of the towers is the image of the hands of the master who built them at the entrance.

The towers of Tsori were surrounded by an imposing stone wall, the remains of which have survived to this day. In addition, a half-meter-thick wall with gates adjoined the walls of Tsori, which were carefully guarded, representing a kind of checkpoint on the historical Ingush Road. Now only the foundation itself has survived from the wall.

One of the glorious legends associated with Tsori tells of a warrior girl, a brave horsewoman Mogushka. The legend says that the girl commanded a detachment of more than six dozen male warriors and frightened her enemies with her courage. In the middle of the 17th century, after the death of a girl in Tsori, a separate three-tiered mausoleum, Mogushka-Kash, was built for her. This is a seven-meter tomb with a multi-tiered roof, erected on a rock on the southern edge of the village.



Tsori lies east of the Assy River along the Guloikhi River. Altitude above sea level: 1770 m.



Tsori was the center of the Tsori shakhar. The settlement is generic for the following Ingush surnames: Tsoroevs, Dzeytovs, Myakievs, Zangievs, Mogushkovs, Tatievs, Geroevs, Bobkhoevs, Ganizhevs, Bisaevs, Batyzhevs, Shoumievs, Amievs, Khashievs, Badievs, Batyrovs, Bersanovs, Gaytukievs, Ismailovs, Gudievs, Meyrievs, Nakharbekovs, Teboevs, Khanakievs, Tsuntoevs, Alievs, Batazhevs, Batygovs, Bekbotovs, Bitievs, Khasievs, Totievs, Gatievs, Gelievs, Dzangievs, Dzugaevs, Kiloevs, Tochievs, Chorievs, Daurbekovs.

According to statistics for 1874, 226 Ingush, Muslims, lived in the village of Tsori.

In 1926, according to the 1926 census, only 47 people lived in the village of Tsori, 25 Chechens and 22 Ingush, in 7 households - 4 Ingush and 3 Chechen.


Practical Information

Getting to Tsori is easy, but quite long. If you go by car from Dzheirakh and Armkhi, you will have to overcome two passes: Tsey-Lamsky and Tsorey-Lamsky. But the road is worth it: on the last pass there are about fifty tower villages, including Upper Pyaling and Nii.