Vitim Nature Reserve, Russia


Vitim Nature Reserve was established on May 20, 1982. The territory of the reserve is located in the Sayano-Baikal mountain region, 240 km above the city of Bodaibo along the Vitim river. Area - 585 838 hectares. The river network of the reserve belongs to the basin of the Arctic Ocean. There are a large number of lakes on the territory of the reserve: Lake Oron is of special scientific and cultural value.
Northern Transbaikalia, the border of the Patom and Stanovoy uplands. The highest ridges bordering the Stanovoye Upland from the north are the Severo-Muisky and Kodarsky, with elevations up to 3072 meters above sea level. Here, on the right bank of Vitim, in the area of Lake Oron, on May 20, 1982, the Vitim Reserve was organized.

The area of the reserve is 585,838 hectares. It is located in the southeast of the Bodaibo district of the Irkutsk region, where it borders on the Republic of Buryatia and the Trans-Baikal Territory. Remote from transport routes, protected by high mountain ranges from the south and difficult-to-pass Vitim rapids, this site has been preserved in a relatively original form during the period of rapid industrial development of the region.
and represents today the standard of nature of Northern Transbaikalia.

Specially protected natural objects of the reserve are Lake Oron, Kodar glacial region, bighorn sheep, black-capped marmot, Barguzin sable.



The position of the reserve within the temperate zone, the great distance from the oceans and the mountainous relief determine the main feature of the climate - the sharp continental and altitudinal zoning of climatic conditions. The absolute minimum temperature reaches -60 ° C. Winter begins in early October and lasts about 7 months. In general, the duration of the warm period (t ° above 0 ° C) is about 145 days per year.


Flora and fauna

About 12% of the reserve is under forest. 1085 plant species and 9 lichen species have been identified.

Vascular plants included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation: Rhodiola rosea, Naiad flexible, Calypso bulbous, Baikal borodinia (Tiling borodinia).

More than 220 species of birds were recorded in the reserve, fish - 23, amphibians - 3, reptiles - 1, mammals - 35. Bighorn sheep are represented by an isolated population. Reindeer, musk deer, and elk are common among artiodactyls in the reserve. One of the most common animals of the reserve is the chipmunk.


History of creation

At the origins of the creation of the Vitimsky Reserve is the professor of the Irkutsk Agricultural Institute V.N. Skalon, a well-known Russian scientist - hunter, founder of the Siberian school of hunting. In 1949, Vasily Nikolaevich Skalon proposed organizing a large nature reserve with an area of about 3 million hectares on the territory of the Bodaibo district of the Irkutsk region and the Kalar district of the Chita region, including the largest lakes of Northern Transbaikalia: Nichatka and Oron. Vasily Nikolaevich named the natural objects that needed to be preserved in the first place: the bighorn sheep and the black-capped marmot, as well as the entire natural complex of high mountains with intermountain basins of the Stanovoy Upland ranges located there.

"... This area is the most typical landscape of the country (meaning the Vitimo-Olyokma Highlands). Vast areas of tundra and dwarf pine, taiga, reaching far into the mountains along numerous rivers, magnificent mountain lakes are of great and versatile interest, as well as a full range of species local fauna. But for a long time, for a number of reasons, his proposal was not implemented.

In 1974, in connection with the start of construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline and long-term plans for the development of territories adjacent to the mainline, there was an urgent need to preserve valuable species of flora and fauna in the region. The Irkutsk regional executive committee turned to the government of the RSFSR with a request to organize the Vitim State Reserve. In 1975, the Government of the RSFSR instructed the Main Directorate of Hunting and Nature Reserves under the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR to prepare a project for the organization of the reserve. A survey of the territory planned for the reserve was carried out.

On March 24, 1976, the Central Design and Survey Expedition at an interdepartmental meeting at the Irkutsk Regional Executive Committee, in which famous scientists F.R. Shtilmark (scientific supervisor of the Vitim Design and Survey Party), zoologists B.G. Vodopyanov and S.K. Ustinov, botanists L.I. Malyshev and A.S. Shcherbatyuk, presented the results of a survey of the territory of the future reserve. The meeting agreed that "... the construction of BAM has increased several times the risk of losing this priceless site of unique nature for science and culture. Being in the area of ​​an industrial construction site, it will attract a stream of people and may lose not only its original beauty, but also valuable species of flora and fauna. The territory surveyed and planned for the reserve fully meets the requirements of the reference." Only 6 years later, by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR No. 298 of May 20, 1982, the Vitimsky State Reserve was created in order to preserve the reference section of the mountain landscapes of the northern taiga of Transbaikalia. Belyanin Vladimir Nikolaevich, a zoologist by education, a graduate of Saratov State University, who had experience in the Zhiguli and Bashkir reserves, was appointed the first director of the reserve.

Prior to the formation of the reserve, scientific research was carried out mainly on Lake Oron. In 1948, an expedition of the Institute of Biology of the Irkutsk State University under the leadership of A.A. Tomilova, in 1974 studied the fish of the rivers and lakes of the basin of the river. Vitim Yu.I. Kalashnikov (Limnological Institute). But until 1982, no one had ever conducted stationary research here. Vegetation, fauna, soils, climate were practically not studied. Scientific research on the territory of the reserve has been carried out since 1983. He created the first scientific department and organized scientific research on a vast territory Vladimir Alexandrovich Sigarev, Deputy Director for Research. Every year in the summer, scientists and students from Saratov and Irkutsk came to the reserve for field work. Belyanina I.S. became the first researchers of the reserve. - ornithologist, Chechetkin E.V. - botanist. The first volume of the Chronicle of Nature was released in 1983, which is a rarity for new reserves. In the first years of the study of flora and fauna on the territory of the reserve, Doctor of Biological Sciences was carried out. Professor Bryologist Leonid Vladimirovich Bardunov (Siberian Institute of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry SB RAS, Irkutsk), Ph.D. ornithologist Yu.N. Durnev (Irkutsk State University), Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor of Saratov State University A.N. Belyanin.

A great contribution to the formation of the reserve was made by employees: chief accountant Kochkina O.S., accountant Gangan T.A., personnel department inspector Bakhareva L.G., warehouse manager Nepyanova V.M., chief forester Vikhrov A.D., forester Oronsky Valery Markelov, forester of the Amalyk district forestry Chelukhin V.I., assistant forester Sazhin I.N., forester of the Uryakhsky district forestry Nikitin V.O., captain Artamonov V.A. and others. Thanks to their work in difficult conditions, the technical and scientific base of the reserve was created. In the first 8 years of the reserve's operation, the department of protection, in general, equipped cordons, created a network of winter quarters and trails for carrying out accounting work.

In 2000, a new department was formed - environmental education, the main task of which is to educate environmentally literate people, to provide the ideas of conservation work with the support of the population. The department was headed by Shalavina Nina Dmitrievna. From 1999 to the present, the director of the reserve is L.G. Chechetkin. Larisa Grigoryevna has been working in the reserve since 1984. She began her career as a laboratory assistant, since 1988 she worked as a senior researcher, deputy director for scientific work. On September 28, 1999, she was appointed director.



The position of the reserve in the middle part of the temperate zone, the mountainous terrain and the great distance from the oceans determine the main features of the local climate. The amount of solar heat is moderate, the climate is sharply continental. Due to the mountainous relief, the altitudinal zonality of climatic conditions is manifested. The territory of the reserve during the year receives direct solar radiation of about 60 kcal per cm2 of the horizontal surface. The screening effect of clouds on average for the year is about 50% (in winter - about 60%, in summer - about 40%). The average annual temperature ranges from -5 to -7°C in the Vitim valley, to -12°C in the highlands. The annual amount of precipitation is 400 mm in the intermountain basins and 1200 mm in Kodar. Winter in the reserve comes in mid-October. Its average duration is 7 months, at an altitude of 1500 m - about 8, and on Kodar, at an altitude of 3000 m - up to 10 months. The winter regime of atmospheric processes is formed under the influence of the high-pressure area formed in autumn - the Siberian anticyclone, which reaches its maximum development in January - February. Its destruction in winter is rare. Frosts are strong, the absolute minimum reaches -60°C. The coldest month is January. Its average monthly temperature is usually below -30°C. The number of days with frosts below -30°С per season is 80-90°С, and below - 40 - 30-45°С. In the conditions of the anticyclone regime, calm and very weak winds prevail in the winter months. Cloudless weather persists.

In the Vitim valley, about 20-25% of the annual precipitation falls during the winter, in Kodar - up to 40%, or in absolute terms - 400-500 mm. The Kodar passes are covered with snow already in the second half of September, and in 3-4 weeks the snow cover is established throughout the reserve. In the valleys and in the lower part of the mountains, snow remains until the end of April - mid-May, and in the highlands - until the end of June. The height of the snow cover is from 40-80 cm in the Vitim valley to 2 meters or more in the highlands. Spring comes to the reserve in early May and lasts about a month. At this time, the largest daily fluctuations in air temperature are observed in the year. Severe frosts often occur. There is little precipitation, less than 10% of the annual norm. Summer - a period with average daily temperatures above 10 ° C - in wide valleys begins in early June and lasts about 80 days. With the ascent to the mountains, the duration of the summer period decreases, and at an altitude of 2500-3000 meters the average daily temperature does not exceed 10°C, i.e. summer is almost non-existent. The average temperature in July is 16-18°C, during the day it often rises to 30°C and above; the absolute maximum is 38°C. Frosts can occur in any of the summer months. The exception is the vicinity of Lake Oron, where, under the influence of the softening action of the lake, the frost-free period lasts from late May - early June to early September. During the summer, cloudiness increases and most of the precipitation falls, especially in the second half of the season. Their total number in summer is 55-60% of the annual amount.

Autumn comes quickly, frosts begin at relatively high daily temperatures. In the valleys of Vitim, its arrival is celebrated in the last days of August, and in the highlands - two weeks earlier. The duration of autumn is 1-1.5 months. A characteristic feature of this period is the strengthening of the high pressure area. Daytime temperatures are positive throughout the autumn, nighttime temperatures become negative at the end of the season. Wind speed is low, clouds are still high. The amount of precipitation decreases, amounting to about 10% of the annual amount. In general, during the year, the duration of the warm period is about 145 days in the Vitim valley, at an altitude of 1500 m - no more than 130, and above 2500 m - less than 70 days.



The soils of the reserve are formed on acidic crystalline and metamorphic rocks, and in the southwestern part - on carbonate-free sandstones. In the uppermost part of the highlands, where harsh climatic conditions suppress microbiological processes, physical weathering predominates. Stony placers and screes, with a weak influence of the vegetation cover, give rise to primitive mountain-tundra bald-soddy soils. Their characteristic feature is the predominance of coarse stony material on the surface, in the intervals of which fine earth accumulates. These soils are associated with alpine landforms and flat tops of watersheds, where chars have huge fields of stony placers.

In areas occupied by dry lichen and shrub tundra, well-formed mountain-tundra bald-soddy soils develop. Due to the gravelly substrate, the insignificant thickness of fine earth, low moisture content and poor vegetation cover, they do not contain peaty horizons, but have a clearly defined humus layer. In the subalpine belt, permafrost-taiga soils appear, characterized by a strong ferruginization of the surface horizon, an abundance of rubble, thinness, and the absence of obvious signs of podzolization. They arise under the communities of Siberian dwarf pine, dwarf birch, shrub and lichen tundra. In the forest belt, the most widespread are mountainous taiga-permafrost ferruginous soils. Much less area is occupied by permafrost-soddy-podzolic soils.


Vegetable world

The vegetation of the reserve has a belt character. The belts change as you climb the mountains as follows: mountain-taiga (forest), subalpine (subalpine), alpine (alpine). And on the Kodar ridge, at altitudes above 2700 m, there is a nival belt of ice, snow and stone, where only such plant organisms as epilithic (scale) lichens survive.

Forests are located on the bottoms of river valleys, gentle slopes and low flat watersheds. The border of the forest passes at an altitude of 800 - 1200 m, but cedar thickets are often found even lower on the stone slopes. Forests occupy no more than 12% of the area of the reserve. The main forest-forming species is the Gmelin or Daurian larch. Scotch pine forests grow on sandy soils, old burnt areas and clearings. Less common are pure spruce, fir and cedar dark coniferous forests. The most common mixed forests in the reserve, in which, along with conifers, deciduous trees grow - aspen, flat-leaved birch, fragrant poplar, aspen, bearberry-leaved choiceia - a relic of the Tertiary time, which has come down to our days from those times when there was a humid and warm climate. Above all tree species, woolly birch and spruce rise into the mountains.

Above the border of the forest there is a subalpine belt - this is an impenetrable northern jungle of shrubs, mainly cedar elfin and splayed birch. Cedar and dwarf thickets occupy 33% of the area of the protected area. Golden rhododendron (kashkara), fragrant currant, dushekia shrub, numerous species of willows and other shrubs grow in them.

Even higher, on average, from a height of 1500 m above sea level, there is a belt of mountain tundra and alpine lawns. The highlands of the Vitimsky Reserve are distinguished by the so-called "full snow" in the winter months, strong freezing of soils, therefore, moss and shrub tundras are most developed. The vegetation cover is composed of numerous species of mosses and lichens. Shrubs are represented by dwarf willows, dwarf birch, kashkara - golden rhododendron, Redovsky rhododendron, cassiopeia, dryad (partridge grass). In the highlands of the Kodar ridge, endemics grow - the Kodar ostrich, the dandelions of the snowy and Muya, the poppy of the false grayish. In total, 15 endemic species grow in the reserve.

Alpine lawns, which occupy narrow strips along streams in conditions of good drainage, turn into lush flower beds in the middle of summer. Azure aquilegia, blue snakeheads, snow-white anemones, graceful saxifrages, fiery baths and buttercups and many other flowering plants coexist with flying snowfields, glaciers, scree and rocks.

Currently, 1085 plant species have been recorded, which does not yet fully reflect the diversity of the local flora.

Rare species grow in the Vitimsky Reserve, listed in the Red Book of Russia, the Red Book of the Irkutsk Region.


Animal world

The fauna of the reserve includes 36 species of mammals, 252 species of birds, 23 species of fish, 1 species of reptiles - viviparous lizard, 4 species of amphibians. Of the amphibians in the reserve, there are Siberian salamander, moor and Siberian frogs, Far Eastern tree frog. More than 350 species of invertebrates have been identified. This group is the least studied.

All typical taiga species of mammals live: bear, wolverine, wolf, otter, American mink, squirrel, flying squirrel, hare, sable, ermine, weasel, weasel; artiodactyls - reindeer, red deer, elk, musk deer, roe deer.

Bighorn sheep live on the Kodar ridge in summer. Throughout the territory in the highlands in circuses and kars, where there is enough grassy vegetation, the black-capped marmot lives.

More than 10 species of ducks nest along the banks of reservoirs: mallard, goldeneye, large merganser, kale, whistle-teal, wigeon and others, as well as black tern, common gull, black-headed gull, sandpipers - carrier, snipe, woodcock.

In the mountain forests, taiga species are typical: nutcracker, kuksha, Siberian flycatcher, taiga flycatcher, common redstart, bluetail, white-browed thrush, white-winged crossbill and spruce crossbill, common tap dance, Siberian mountain finches, brambling, siskin, gray bullfinch, polar bunting, common lentil, hazel grouse.

Mammals listed in the Red Book of Russia: black-capped marmot - Baikal subspecies, bighorn sheep - Kodar subspecies.

Birds included in the Red Book of Russia: black stork, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, peregrine falcon, osprey, eagle owl, demoiselle crane, gray goose, Siberian taiga goose, lesser swan, kloktun, killer whale, greater spotted eagle, lesser tern, dubrovnik.

Fish included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation: arctic char, taimen.

Mammals included in the Red Book of the Irkutsk region: black-capped marmot - Baikal subspecies, otter, bighorn sheep - Kodar subspecies.

Fish included in the Red Book of the Irkutsk region: Far Eastern brook lamprey, Siberian sturgeon, lenok, taimen, arctic char, tugun, valek.

Birds included in the Red Book of the Irkutsk region: black stork, gray goose, Siberian taiga bean goose, whooper swan, lesser swan, kloktun, kale, shelduck, osprey, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, peregrine falcon, merlin, black crane, gray crane, belladonna , long-toed sandpiper, curlew, black-tailed godwit, eagle owl, common kingfisher.


Specially protected objects

Kodar glacial region
On the Kodar ridge, which is part of the Stanovoy Upland system, the Kodar glacial region is located. It was discovered back in 1883 by the French traveler J. Martin, and studied and described in detail in 1959 - 1961. expedition of the Institute of Geography of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR under the leadership of V. S. Preobrazhensky. The Kodar glacier region includes more than 30 glaciers with a total area of more than 15 km. Most of them are located in the upper reaches of the trough valleys and in cirques with northern and northeastern exposure, i.e. on the territory of the reserve. The Kodar glaciers represent a unique modern glaciation in Transbaikalia, which is determined by the climatic conditions of the highlands: significant snow accumulation, low temperatures during a long winter. Glaciers are promising objects for establishing the features of current and past atmospheric circulation, assessing the dynamics of the current climate, identifying the ways and rates of migration of chemical elements in the global water exchange system, and identifying remote sources of technogenic pollution.

Lake Auron
Lake Oron is the second largest lake in the Irkutsk region after Baikal and the largest in the north of Transbaikalia, which is part of the hydrological network of the Vitim River, with which it is connected by a 1 km long channel. As a consequence of this, there is a constant exchange of water between Oron and Vitim, and the state of the river. Vitim inevitably affects the state of the lake. The lake is inhabited by endemics characteristic of the lake. Baikal, which indicates the existence of a connection between the lakes and their genetic relationship in past geological epochs. Like Baikal, Oron arose as a result of tectonic faults in the earth's crust; the bowl of the lake was deepened by the glacier sliding down from the Sygykta valleys and the Kultushnaya glacier. The ichthyofauna included 21 species, of which 12 lived permanently in the lake until the beginning of the 21st century. In connection with the acidification of the water, the lake has become unsuitable for fish in the last decade and a half. During periods of spring and autumn migrations, hundreds of ducks, geese, swans, and waders stop in shallow chickens to rest and feed. Lake Oron is the main natural object, for the conservation of which the Vitimsky Reserve was created.

Snow Sheep Kodarsky
The population of the Kodar snow sheep, described in 1994 by its researcher D.G. Medvedev (Irkutsk Agricultural Academy), as an independent subspecies, is the smallest of the subspecies living in Russia. According to the censuses of 2002 (Medvedev D.G.), its number in Kodar does not exceed 300 individuals. The state of the population cannot but cause concern: the immigration of animals is impossible due to isolation; the population can exist only under the condition of internal homeostasis, the adoption of state protection measures. The organization of the Vitimsky reserve only partially solves this problem, because only summer feeding stations are located on its territory. On the northern slopes of Kodar, where the reserve is located, snow cover up to 2 - 3 m is formed in winter, and bighorn sheep migrate to the southern slopes of the Trans-Baikal Territory with little snow. The Kodar bighorn sheep is included in the Red Book of Russia, 2021. It is listed in the Red Book of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) as a species dependent on conservation measures; The Red Data Book of the Chita Region and the Red Data Book of the Irkutsk Region, as an endangered species. The most effective measure for the conservation of the bighorn sheep will be the organization of the Kodarsky National Park on the territory of the southern macroslope of the Kodar ridge adjacent to the reserve or the expansion of the boundaries of the Vitimsky reserve to include Lake. Not much.

Baikal black-capped marmot
At the beginning of the 20th century, he lived everywhere in the mountains of the Baikal and Transbaikalia. The construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline, the expansion of mining, an increase in the recreational load on previously inaccessible remote mountain ranges, the pressure of marmot poaching due to valuable warm fur, medicinal meat and fat, as well as natural limiting factors led to a reduction in the range and number of marmots in throughout the region. The organization of the Vitimsky Reserve, the cessation of exploration work on the ridges that make up the relief of the reserve - Delyun-Uransky, Severo-Muisky, Kodarsky, the restriction of free access to the territory contributed to the stabilization of the number of marmots. Expansion of economic development of natural resources of territories adjacent to the reserve, a significant intensification of anthropogenic impact on nature in the last decade of the last century and now emphasizes the importance, timeliness of the creation of the reserve and its importance in the conservation of the black-capped Baikal marmot, included in the Red Book of Russia, the Red Books of Irkutsk, Chita regions (decreasing species) and the Republic of Buryatia (rare species).

Barguzinsky sable
Sable is a traditional valuable object of fur trade in Russia. In history, there were periods of almost complete extermination of the species in vast areas from the Urals to Kamchatka. To preserve and increase the number of this fur-bearing animal, the first Russian reserves were created (Sayansky, Barguzinsky in 1916), and many others - in subsequent years, including the Vitimsky Reserve - in 1982. The most valuable subspecies of sable lives in the reserve - Barguzinsky. This area has always been distinguished by a high abundance of sable; from here, from the vicinity of the lake. Oron and the valleys of the river. Sygykty in the forties and fifties of the last century, animals were taken for resettlement in neighboring Yakutia. The number of sable in the reserve varies under the influence of natural factors: the yield of berries, pine nuts and cedar nuts, the abundance of mouse-like rodents - the main food for sable.



The number of department in the field of environmental protection - the protection service of the reserve is 15 people, including the deputy director in the field of environmental protection. The territory of the reserve is divided into 3 district forestries: Amalykskoye (175904 ha), Oronskoye (298699 ha) and Uryakhskoye (110418 ha). Inspectors in the field of environmental protection live on cordons due to the considerable remoteness of the territory from the city. The task force is created by order of the director in the summer to work in the highlands, if there is a financial possibility of being transferred by helicopter.

The security department is provided with equipment to perform the assigned tasks, including snowmobiles "Buran", "Yamaha", "Ural-4320-01" car, UAZ-3469 car, boats, outboard motors, chainsaws, motor pumps, gasoline power plants and others. equipment necessary to perform assigned tasks and work in the field.

State inspectors ensure compliance with the reserve regime, patrol the borders, conduct simple scientific observations of nature, providing material for compiling the Nature Calendar, ensure scientific research and environmental children's camps on the territory (escort, security, safety precautions), carry out a set of fire prevention measures, participate in fighting forest fires.


Scientific activity

Researches of the protected nature under the program "Chronicles of Nature" are carried out by staff members of the scientific department of the reserve and scientists from outside organizations. More than 50 scientists worked on the territory of the reserve: doctors, candidates of sciences and graduate students from Irkutsk, Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Yakutsk, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Chelyabinsk, Saratov, Moscow, Yekaterinburg, Krasnoyarsk - universities, institutes and research institutions - the Central Siberian Botanical Garden SB RAS (Novosibirsk), Limnological Institute SB RAS (Irkutsk), Siberian Institute of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry SB RAS (Irkutsk), Institute of the Earth's Crust SB RAS (Irkutsk), Institute for Monitoring Climatic and Ecological Systems SB RAS (Tomsk) and others.

A list of rare, endemic, relict plant species subject to protection in the Bodaibo region has been compiled. The herbarium of vascular plants of the reserve has more than 8000 leaves. There is a herbarium of mosses and lichens, a database of rare species.

Hydrobiological and ichthyological studies of Lake Oron and other reservoirs of the reserve are being carried out. Monitoring studies of the Kodar glaciers are underway. In addition, employees of the reserve take part in the environmental impact assessment of economic facilities in the Bodaibo district, the compilation of the Red Data Book of the Irkutsk region, the assessment of the background state of the environment in the licensed areas of geological exploration in the district, explore the biodiversity of the largest gold mining enterprises of Polyus JSC and the background area .

The reserve has a scientific library with about 1.5 thousand books, 38 volumes of the Chronicle of Nature, reports of third-party organizations that worked on the territory of the reserve, collections of background species of Lepidoptera and skulls of small mammals, zoological, ornithological, phenological, floristic databases.


Еnvironmental education

Work on environmental education of the population has been carried out since the establishment of the reserve. At the cordons, schoolchildren, children from the Golden Horn school club of the Mamakan village, pupils of the station of young naturalists, the House of Children's Art in the city of Bodaibo and other villages of the Bodaibo and neighboring Mamsko-Chui districts conducted environmental and local history research, got acquainted with the nature of the reserve. Employees of the scientific department conducted classes with children, talked about the nature and work of the reserve. The mass media published popular articles on environmental and environmental issues. But this work did not have a systematic character and consisted in conducting thematic classes in schools, excursions in nature, lectures, practical classes in ecology, and depended on personal contacts with individual teachers.

The creation of the environmental education department in 2000 made it possible to significantly expand the areas of this work, which is mainly focused on the younger generation: schoolchildren, technical colleges and kindergarten students. Carrying out such actions as "Earth Day", "March of Parks", "Feed the Birds", "Days of Protection from Environmental Hazard", "Fire Action", "We Clean the World", etc. unites the capabilities of educational institutions, specialists in the field of ecology and nature conservation, the media, representatives of local administration to solve environmental problems. Every year, the staff of the department develops new forms of holding events and competitive programs that most accurately answer the questions that arise.

In the formation of the ecological culture of the population, visiting the expositions of museums of nature and photo-art exhibitions plays an important role. Environmental exhibitions and expositions arouse people's interest in nature and, therefore, make them not indifferent to its problems.

For almost 40 years, the reserve has been cooperating with the Bodaibo Museum of Local Lore, the Irkutsk Museum of Local Lore, placing and updating various thematic expositions. In addition, temporary and mobile expositions are organized (exhibitions of children's drawings and creative works from natural and non-natural materials), which are located in schools, administrative buildings of state authorities and local governments. Traveling exhibitions are organized in remote villages of the Bodaibo district and the neighboring Mamsko-Chuy district of the Irkutsk region.

Working with the media is one of the most important areas of activity. Particular importance is attached to cooperation with regional print media, as well as with the environmental press. The reserve conducts purposeful work to cover topical problems of the reserve business in the Russian electronic media. The reserve has a website, maintains pages on Instagram, Vkontakte. The staff of the reserve publishes its own quarterly ecological newspaper "Green Look", in which it acquaints the population with the ecological calendar, news of the Ministry of Natural Resources and the reserve, announces new competition events, informs about the results of campaigns, events in the reserve life, etc. Press releases are regularly issued following the results of events, competitions and environmental campaigns. Cooperation has been established with the regional editorial office of the Lensky Shakhtyor newspaper, the Vitimtelecom TV company, and the State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company Irkutsk. Several videos about the nature of the reserve were shot on our own. A database of videos about events, expeditions held in the reserve has been accumulated and is annually supplemented. The photographic material is systematized in the main areas of activity.

Video films, sketches about the reserved Privitimie, show the beauty, richness and diversity of our native nature. Films are actively used during the organization of exhibitions, during environmental events and thematic classes with children. The video library of the reserve consists of its own films, and is also replenished by the work of the All-Russian State Television and Radio Company (VGTRK), Irkutsk, filmed on the territory of the reserve, films about other specially protected natural areas. The employees of the reserve constantly replenish the fund of photographs dedicated to its activities and nature. OOO Atoll. SV" with the support of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of Russia released a DVD-ROM "Reserves and National Parks of Russia" in which photographs of the Vitimsky Reserve were used. Photo materials are submitted to various all-Russian and regional atlases and photo albums dedicated to specially protected natural areas of Russia, and are used in organizing exhibitions of all levels.

Work with schoolchildren and pupils of preschool institutions, students of the Bodaibo Mining College is aimed at attracting children and young people to environmental activities, expanding their environmental outlook, developing relevant knowledge, skills, and promoting the professional orientation of students.

The main forms of work with children in the reserve are:
children's ecological camps and expeditions
children's and youth ecological actions, conferences, ecological hours, creative competitions
thematic classes using interactive teaching methods
thematic excursions in the visitor center and in the protected area
ecological holidays.

Conducting children's ecological expeditions on the territory of the reserve has become traditional. In addition to recreational, educational and recreational activities, the program of the Calypso children's camp includes local history and environmental studies.