Ermak Travel Guide

 

Vladikavkaz

Vladikavkaz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Vladikavkaz

Vladikavkaz (Oset. Dzudzhikhyu (inf.) - village Dzauga) - a city in southern Russia, in the central part of the North Caucasus. It is the capital of the Republic of North Ossetia is Alania. It forms the urban district of the city of Vladikavkaz. In 2007, Vladikavkaz was awarded the honorary title of the City of Military Glory. Here, a wonderful location at the foot of high mountains on the banks of the turbulent Terek connects with a well-preserved pre-revolutionary architecture, and the Caucasian flavor - with a cosmopolitan atmosphere, from which a distinctive and undoubtedly city has its own face. On top of that, Vladikavkaz stands as a gate on the way to Georgia, to the Ossetian mountains, or to uncharted Chechnya and Ingushetia.

 

 

 

History of Vladikavkaz

The city was founded in 1784 as a fortress during the Russian conquest of the Caucasus and was for many years the main Russian military base in the region. The Georgian Military Highway, crossing the mountains, was constructed in 1799 to link the city with Georgia to the south, and in 1875 a railway was built to connect it to Rostov-on-Don and Baku in Azerbaijan. Vladikavkaz has become an important industrial center for the region, with smelting, refining, chemicals and manufacturing industries.

The city is one of the largest in the Russian-controlled Caucasus, along with Grozny, and was the capital of the Mountain Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, a Soviet Republic established after the annexation of the Mountainous Republic of the North Caucasus. The puppet state existed from 1921 to 1924 and was part of, and in some cases incorporated, the modern-day territories of Chechnya, North Ossetia and Kabardino-Balkaria.

From 1931 to 1944 and from 1954 to 1990, its name in both Russian and Ossetic languages was Ordzhonikidze (Орджоники́дзе) (after Sergo Ordzhonikidze, a Georgian Bolshevik), and from 1944 to 1954 it was officially called Dzaudzhikau (Дзауджика́у) in Russian and (Дзæуджыхъæу) in Ossetic. Vladikavkaz resumed its old Russian name, in 1990, shortly before the dissolution of the Soviet Union; the official Ossetic name was reverted to Дзæуджыхъæу (Dzæudžyqæu).

Vladikavkaz was fought over in both the Russian Civil War and World War II. In February 1919, the anti-Communist Volunteer Army under General Anton Denikin seized the city, before being expelled by the Red Army in March 1920. In November 1942, the forces of Nazi Germany tried unsuccessfully to seize the city but were repelled.

On November 26, 2008, Vitaly Karayev, the mayor of Vladikavkaz was killed by an unidentified gunman. On December 31, 2008, his successor, Kazbek Pagiyev, was also killed by unidentified gunmen.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips