Kaluzhskie Zaseki Nature Reserve is a state
natural reserve located in the south-east of Kaluga region in the
territory bordering the Oryol and Tula regions. The reserve was
established by a resolution of the Government of the Russian
Federation of November 5, 1992
The Kaluzhskie Zaseki Nature
Reserve consists of two
regions: North and South. The total area is 18,533 ha. The plots are
12 km from each other: the area of the Southern section is 11784
hectares, the area of the North is 6,749 hectares. The reserve
within 200 m from the border is surrounded by a protected zone.
About 20 rivers and streams flow through the reserve.
The climate of the reserve
is temperate continental. Western and southwesterly winds prevail.
The average annual rainfall is 596 mm. The average annual
temperature is +4,4 ° C.
Vascular plants in the reserve
marked 703 species. On the territory of the reserve there are 55
species of mammals, 178 species of birds, 5 species of reptiles, 9
species of amphibians, 21 species of fish. There are about 450
species of butterflies.