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Tarragona

 

 

 

Location: Catalonia Province  Map

 

 

 

 

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Tarragona is a beautiful historic town on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It was originally established by Phoenician settlers. A World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 2000, it was the ancient Tarraco, capital of the most important Roman province of the Iberian Peninsula. His historical legacy is palpable upon arriving in the city. You can visit this Roman era: the walls (1450 mts), the Provincial Forum, the Roman Praetorium, the circus, the amphitheater, the necropolis, the forum of the colony, the aqueduct of les Ferreres or Pont del Diable, the quarry roman of El mèdol, the Roman villa of Centcelles and the tower of the escipiones. You should also visit the Archaeological Museum located on the Plaça del Rei. Outside the city, 7 km north along the coast, we will find the Roman village of Els Munts in Altafulla, and 21 km from the Berà arch located on the old Via Augusta that led to Rome. Beyond the imposing Roman legacy of the city, Do not forget to visit the Cathedral with its splendid cloister as well as the diocesan museum.

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Tarragona

The High Part
The old part of the city or "Part Alta" is the highest area of ​​the city, surrounded by the famous walls of Tarragona and crowned by the Cathedral of the city. It is worth getting lost in its narrow streets to make a journey through the history of the city thanks to the Roman, medieval and modern remains that coexist with the usual rhythm of the neighborhood. The Plaça de la Font is a must stop for any traveler. Ideal on a summer afternoon or spring to sit and have a drink in the area with the most movement in the city right in front of the town hall.

The Rambla and the Balcó del Mediterrani
La Rambla is a good place to walk from the imperial tarraco square to the Balcó del Mediterrani. Along the way you can see many shops and bars, which on Tuesdays and Thursdays coexist with the city's street market. The balcony of the Mediterranean offers an unbeatable panoramic view of the coastline of the city from which you can see from the Punta de la Mora to the Cap de Salou, with the immense port of Tarragona or the beaches of the city. The walk to the balcony of the Mediterranean is known in Tarragona as going to "touch ferro" (touch iron).

The Serrallo
The Serrallo is the fishing district and is located between the marina and the commercial port of the city. In spite of being a very small neighborhood, it has some of the best fish restaurants in the city and it is very pleasant to walk contemplating the boats of the fishermen.

 

Cathedral of Tarragona

 

Roman Amphitheater (Tarragona)

 

The Roman Circus (Tarragona)

 

 

History of Tarragona

Tarragona is one of the oldest town on the shores of Mediterranean Sea. In the ancient times it became a major Roman town. Originally this part of Spain was inhabited by an ancient tribe of Iberians. This war like people nevertheless managed to find common interest in trade with the Phoenician and later Greek colonists. Phoenicians established first trading post around 5th century BC. Eventually it grew in size and importance and was turned into a real town. Later Tarragona became part of Carthaginian Empire that was also originally established by the Phoenicians.

 

Tarragona in the Roman timesIn 218 during the Second Punic War (between Roman Republic and Carthaginian Empire) it was captured by the Roman proconsul and prominent war general Scipio Africanus. He constructed first military fortifications in Tarragona and under Roman rule the city quickly grew in size and prosperity. In 27 BC Tarragona was called Tarraco or Tarracona in Latin. It was short for Colonia Iulia Urbs Triumphalis Tarraco. Later it was turned into the capital of the Roman province of Nearer Spain and after merging with Galicia (modern day France) it became a capital of Province of Hispania Tarraconensis. During campaigns in the Cantabrian War Roman Emperor Octavian Augustus spent one winter with his troops here. He ordered construction of many buildings to honor his military victories. Many of these prominent buildings are still visible in Tarragona today. The future Roman Emperor Septimius Severus lived here for several years and played the role of the head of the Roman administration.

 

Arab forces captured Tarragona and held the town until 1117 when it was re- taken by the Christian forces. During the Middle Ages it was turned into the capital of the Kingdom of Aragon. Today Roman buildings of ancient Tarragona are designed as the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

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