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Chernihiv Kremlin or Detinets (Черниговский Детинец) (Chernihiv)












Chernihiv original fortifications that are known as Detinets (Child) were originally found in the late 7th century on the high ground on the right bank of the Desna River. This citadel became the historical nucleus of the medieval Chernihiv. At its peak Detinets covered 15 hectares. It was protected by earthen rampart with deep ditches and wooden walls and towers around its perimeter. It had three major gates for entrance including Kievskie (Kiev's), Pogorelov (Burned) and Vodnie (Water) Gates. During medieval period Chernihiv like many Russian- Ukrainian cities served as capitals of independent principalities. Detinets was the primary residence of the Chernihiv Princes. They constructed several stone buildings including the Savior Cathedral, Prince's Palace (10th century) and many other churches.
Chernihiv Detinets was burned in 1239 during invasion of the Tatar- Mongol hoards of Khan Meng. The city suffered greater devastation from the hands of Crimean Tatars in 1482 and 1497. After national liberation war of 1648- 54 Chernihiv Castle lost much of its military purpose. New buildings started to replace medieval structures and parts of medieval fortifications were demolished in the 18th century. They were replaces by wide boulevards and streets. However the area around Detinets is still referred as Val or rampart in Ukrainian- Russian language. Today Chernihiv Castle houses historical and art museums. Additionally it has two oldest monasteries in Ukraine- Russia including Trinity- Ilinsky Monastery and Eletskii Monastery.




Now Detins is conditionally classified as a territory forming a site similar to a triangle between Prospect Mira (in the west), streets of Yelets and Preobrazhenskaya (in the north), st. Muzeynaya (in the east) and st. Podvalnaya (in the south).

Historical and cultural heritage:

Architectural Monuments: House of the Chernigov Collegium, House of the Archbishop (1780), House of the Governor (1804) (now the building houses a historical museum), House of Regimental Chancery (House of Lizogub) (17th century), Chernihiv Gymnasium (since 1983 in the building located art museum).
Temples: Transfiguration Cathedral, Borisoglebsky Cathedral, Catherine Church.
Monuments: T.G. Shevchenko (installed on the site of the former citadel), A.S. Pushkin, Monument on the mass grave of the soldiers liberators (1943), Partisan stone (installed on the site of the Communist Party city committee burned down by the Nazis in 1943).
In addition, there are 12 cast-iron cannons from the bastions of the Chernihiv fortress (16-18 centuries), put on carriages in 1911, on a hillside on the site of the once existing defensive rampart, donated (according to legend) by Peter I to the city for the courage of the Chernigov Cossacks in the war with the Swedes; fountain; Park of Culture and Rest M. M. Kotsyubinsky.
The citadel offers a beautiful panorama of the Desna floodplain and the Boldin Mountains, where the Eletsky Assumption and Trinity-Ilyinsky Monasteries are located.




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