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Pyatnytska (Friday) Church of Saint Paraskevi (Chernihiv)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Pyatnytska Church of Saint Paraskeva

Pyatnytska (Friday) Church of Saint Paraskevi or Saint Paraskeva was constructed in the late 12th and early 13th century in Chernihiv Pyatnytska Church is one of the few medieval churches that were constructed in pre- Mongol period and managed to survive through turbulent times of foreign invasion. It is dedicated to Saint Paraskeva, the patron saint of agriculture, commerce and family. Significant changes in the architectural style of the temple were partially changed in the 18th and 19th century after it was badly damaged by a fire. In 1818- 1820 rotunda bell tower was addd to the western facade of the church. Eventually Pyatnytska Church was established as a seven domed building.
 
Pyatnytska Church was badly damaged in 1941 at the outbreak of World War II. Miraculously surviving bell tower was demolished in 1963. The temple was abandoned until architect P.D. Baranovsky explored and reconstructed the original appearance of the original church. It was thereafter reconstructed in square shape, four pillar structure with a single dome. During Soviet times renovated church housed a small historic museum. Today Pyatnytska Church is open as an active church of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kiev Patriarchate.

 

 

 

History

The first mention of the restoration of the temple dates back to 1670, when a new roof was made at the expense of Chernigov Colonel Vasily Dunin-Borkovsky. In the 1676 and 1690s he also carried out a complete restoration and rebuilding of the temple. Presumably, the work was carried out under the guidance of architect Ivan Zarudny. After restoration, the church acquired the appearance of a seven-temple church with baroque pediments (the coat of arms of the hetman Ivan Mazepa was outlined on the eastern pediment). In the XVII century, the temple was the center of the Friday convent, which was located near the city market on Pyatnitsky field. The monastery’s structures were made up of log houses, and a wooden wall separated it from the market.

In 1750, a fire broke out in the monastery, from which the temple also suffered. In 1755, the temple was restored, and baroque extensions were added to it, over which small pear-shaped domes were made.

In 1786, according to the decree of Catherine II, during the secularization that began, the Pyatnitsky convent was demolished, and all wooden buildings were demolished (the Pyatnitsky convent for 1786, according to the description of Athanasius of Shafonsky, consisted of the Church of St. Paraskeva, the refectory of the wooden church of John the Baptist, a wooden the bell tower, which was located above the gate).

In the years 1818-1820 a two-story bell tower was built (architect A. Kartashevsky; in 1962 the bell tower was dismantled). In the bell tower for some time there was a church of St. Procopius. After the monastery was closed, they wanted to create a public school in its place, but these plans were not realized. Since the 1820s, on the territory of the former Pyatnitsky monastery there were trading shops and ranks.

Its centric step composition is unusual. Researchers (Gornostaev, Lashkarev and others) suggested that under the baroque decoration are hidden forms of an old Russian building, but each suggested that the building was either destroyed to half and rebuilt in the 17th century, or some of the old materials were used to repair walls and roofs (none I did not know that the old Russian building existed in its original form, but was significantly distorted by the extensions).

In 1916, the temple had land with a graveyard of 633 square fathoms. On the territory there were two wooden houses for clergymen, brick shops, which were leased. There was a church library with 200 books. At the temple there were two educational institutions. The parish consisted of 91 courtyards - 963 people of both sexes and different social status: 195 nobles, 36 clergy, 542 peasants, 43 soldiers.

 

 

 

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