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The Saviour Cathedral of Chernihiv (Chernihiv)

The Saviour Cathedral of Chernihiv (Chernihiv)

 

 

 

 

 

The Saviour Cathedral of Chernihiv (Chernihiv)

The Savior Cathedral of Chernihiv is the oldest church in the city and also the oldest in Christian church in Ukraine and Russia. It was constructed in 1033- 34 by the orders of Prince Mstislav Vladimirovich. The Savior Cathedral was finished during reign of the next Prince Svyatoslav Yaroslavovych. This Eastern Orthodox Church was erected just 40 years after Rus' (medieval Russian- Ukraine) officially accepted Christianity as an official religion of the country in 988. So you can notice Byzantine architectural influence for this relatively knew type of buildings.

 

 

 

History

It was founded by the Chernigov prince Mstislav Vladimirovich presumably in the early 1030s. After his death in 1036 (according to the Tale of Bygone Years according to the Ipatiev List), from the construction of the cathedral, which had a wall height of about 4 meters, the craftsmen were removed for the construction of the church of St. Sofia Novgorod, and the Chernihiv Cathedral was completed only in the middle of the century. Perhaps the builders of the Transfiguration Cathedral to some extent repeated the scheme of the Church of the Tithes. Rappoport suggested that the craftsmen who created the Chernihiv Cathedral and St. Sophia of Kiev were from the same Byzantine artel in the capital.

In terms of plan, the cathedral is a large three-nave church with six pillars and three apses, by old Russian standards (18.25 x 27 m.). Excavations showed that small chapels were added to the eastern corners, which have not been preserved. The facades of the building are stacked with extremely elegant brickwork with a hidden row. The facades are also decorated with pilasters, in the first tier flat and profiled in the second.

The Transfiguration Cathedral has survived to this day almost entirely, but partially rebuilt: it underwent alterations after the devastating fire of 1756. All internal premises burned out. Burnt wooden choirs were not restored. A baptismal tower was broken in the southwestern corner of the temple, and instead a round tower was built, symmetrical to the left ancient tower with a staircase to the choirs. Spiers of enormous size were installed on both towers, which distorted the ancient appearance of the church. To top it all, vestibules were arranged in front of the portals.

The gradual elevation of the masses of the temple upward was lost on the western side. The pyramidal growth of the cathedral is visible from the east. The ancient covering of the temple was not a candle, which also worked on the pyramidal effect of the upper part of the building. The chapters had a Byzantine parabolic shape.

The cathedral was repeatedly rebuilt. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, in particular, two towers were built on, after which the building acquired its current form. In 1967, during restoration work on the southern facade of the Spassky Cathedral, graffiti of the 12th - early 13th centuries was discovered. Since 1989, the cathedral is among the candidates for inclusion in the World Heritage List.

 

 

 

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