Halifax, Nova Scotia

The Halifax Regional Municipality, commonly known as Halifax, formerly in French Chibouctou (Micmac: K'jipuktuk), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It is also the seat of the provincial Crown of Nova Scotia and the largest municipality in the Atlantic Provinces.

The city is a major economic center with many government departments and private sector businesses. The major employers are the Department of National Defence, various services of the Canadian federal government and the Port of Halifax.



The city's population is 390,000 in 2011. It is one of the largest fishing ports in the world and the largest Canadian military naval base. Halifax is the most populous city on Canada's Atlantic coast. It is the second largest coastal city in the country, after Vancouver, British Columbia. The city has about 40% of the population of Nova Scotia and 15% of that of the Atlantic provinces.

Halifax is one of the oldest cities in Canada since it was founded on June 21, 1749, Edward Cornwallis arriving in the port of Chebucto, preceding 2,567 settlers. The city is then a British outpost. It is the headquarters of the Royal Navy's North America and West Indies Station.

In 1917, Halifax was the site of the largest man-made explosion before the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in 1945: the explosion of Mont Blanc, a French munitions ship.

Hurricane Juan hits Halifax on September 29, 2003. It is the largest hurricane to hit Halifax since 1893. The storm is causing a lot of problems for the city as it is one of the most powerful and destructive ever seen in Canada.


Getting here

By plane
1 Halifax Robert L. Stanfield International Airport (IATA: YHZ, Halifax Stanfield International Airport) Enfield – Modern airport located 35 km north of Halifax. It is the largest airport in the Maritime Provinces with direct flights from Toronto, Montreal, New York, Chicago, Ottawa, Calgary, Boston, Philadelphia and London as well as other flights from cities in the region. Direct flights from Europe are offered by Air Canada to London (Heathrow). Additionally, Canadian Affair and Icelandair make stops in Reykjavik. Seasonally, ASL Airlines France connects with Dublin and Condo with Frankfurt.

MetroX Route 320 5:45 a.m. - 12:15 a.m. C$3.5 (~€2.65 - rate on 09/29/2022). – Express bus service from the airport to downtown Halifax with stops in Fall River and Dartmouth as well. The journey takes 55 minutes and there are departures every 30 minutes during peak hours and every 60 minutes outside of peak hours. Remember to ask the driver for a "transfer" when boarding so that you can continue your journey on another bus.

Taxis and limousinesC$63 (~€47.65 - rate on 09/29/2022). – Flat rate service to downtown Halifax. Can be reserved in advance at no additional cost

Sunshine Cabs, +1 902-429-5555, +1 800-565-8669 (toll free) C$26 (~€19.67 - rate 09/29/2022) per person leaving and C$28 (~€21.18 - rate on 09/29/2022) per person arriving. – Door to door taxi service. You have to book a day in advance.



Halifax was originally called Chebucto (largest port) (also Chibouctou in French) by the Micmac Native Americans who lived there. Being part of Acadie but several times contested between New France and New England, many fights took place in the region. In 1746, Louisbourg had been captured by the English, the missionary priest Jean-Louis Le Loutre had become the liaison between the Acadian settlers and the French expeditions by sea or land. The authorities had given instructions to receive the French fleet in Chibouctou Bay. Le Loutre was the only person capable of knowing the signals that could identify the French squadron of the Duc d'Anville's expedition, which reached Chibouctou with great difficulty before being decimated by typhus and scurvy: eight thousand men perish in the disaster known as the "Chibouctou campaign".

After a few years, the city of Halifax was founded by General Edward Cornwallis on July 9, 1749 as a military outpost for the British to attract settlers and compete with the French port of Louisbourg on the island of Cape Breton. The seat of government of Nova Scotia had been transferred from Annapolis Royal to Halifax on July 12, 1749.

The outpost was named for George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax (a county town in West Yorkshire, northern England), who was the chairman of the office of British commerce. In 1758, promoted rear-admiral of the blue squadron, Philip Durell remained in America for the winter as commander-in-chief. His mission was to choose a suitable place in Halifax to shelter and repair the ships of the Royal Navy.

Halifax was an ideal military base, being located one of the largest natural harbors in the world, and being well protected by batteries located on McNabs Island, in the North-West Arm. ), on the cape where present-day Point Pleasant Park is located, and on the site that became York Redoubt. There is also a large hill overlooking the port, on which a citadel has been established. Halifax becomes one of the most important ports in the world.

Halifax City Hall was built between 1890.

After the sinking of the Titanic in 1912, the search effort was coordinated in Halifax: 121 of the 328 bodies recovered were buried in Fairview Cemetery, 19 other victims were buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery as well as 10 in Baron de Hirsch Cemetery .

During WWI and WWII (HX convoys), boat convoys would meet in Bedford Basin in Halifax Harbor before heading out to the Atlantic Ocean. On December 6, 1917, on a particularly foggy morning, the largest man-made explosion before nuclear weapons, the Halifax explosion, occurred in the harbour: a Norwegian ship, the Imo, struck a loaded French ship of ammunition, Mont Blanc, which exploded and caused more than 2,000 deaths and 3,000 injuries (other sources report 9,000 injuries), 3,000 buildings destroyed, 25,000 homeless. The detonation is heard more than 400 kilometers away.

During the 1960s, the black community neighborhood of Africville, north of Halifax, was demolished and its residents relocated to free up new space for industrial use and for the development of the A. Murray Mackay Bridge. .

In the 1960s, 70s and 80s, suburban growth in Halifax was much slower than in many comparable Canadian cities. This was partly due to a weaker economy and smaller population base than, say, central Canada, but also due to a deliberate local government policy to limit suburban growth . In the 1990s, private developers got more building permits, as they had long wanted. Today, Halifax is denser than most Canadian cities, although large suburban sprawls have developed in Dartmouth and Sackville. Towards the end of the 1990s, the Bayers Lake Industrial and Commercial Park was developed, which houses warehouse-style businesses. This park became an important commercial center for the city and the province.

In the 1990s, like many other Canadian cities, Halifax merged with its suburbs under a single municipal government, the Halifax Regional Municipality, rather than several separate municipal governments. Although towns in other provinces affected by the consolidation have retained their original names, Halifax is often referred to as HRM (Halifax Regional Municipality), particularly in the media.

The city hosts the 1995 G7 summit.

After decades of discussion, an agreement was reached in 2003 for the construction of several sewage treatment facilities around the port. Wastewater was treated for the first time in 2006. In August 2009, the treatment plant was damaged following torrential rains and it remained out of service until June 2010.

On September 29, 2003, Halifax was hit by Hurricane Juan, the city's strongest hurricane since 1893. The storm caused serious problems for the city for a week. The entire town was without power for a brief period and it took two weeks to restore power to all areas. During the hurricane several people were killed: a mother and two children were killed in a house fire caused by a candle, a paramedic worker was killed in central Halifax when a tree crashed into his ambulance and a Hants County man was killed by a falling tree. Five months later, the city was buried under 95 cm of snow by a winter storm nicknamed the White Juan.

Halifax hosted the XXIX final of the Jeux de l'Acadie in 2008.


The clock tower

Perhaps the city's most recognizable symbol is the clock that dominates the city center from Citadel Hill. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent had it built in 1800 when he was commander of the British armed forces in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Being very exact himself, he demanded that the inhabitants of the town be as well, which is why the clock was situated to be visible from anywhere in the old town.



Halifax is located on the south coast of Nova Scotia, south of the 45th parallel, at a latitude comparable to the city of Bordeaux in France.

The city is built on a series of plateaus and hills around Halifax Harbour; the city center is located on a central peninsula. The suburbs include many fishing villages.



Halifax City Council is made up of the mayor and 16 councillors. Currently, the mayor is Mike Savage.

City Hall
City Hall is located at 1841 Argyle Street. It was built between 1887 and 1890.

Federal representation
The city of Halifax is included in two federal electoral districts:
Halifax: the current MP for this constituency is Andy Fillmore
Halifax West: the current MP for this constituency is Geoff Regan


People and society

According to Statistics Canada's 2016 Census of Population, the Halifax Regional Municipality has a population of 403,131 people living in 173,324 of its 187,338 private dwellings, a change of 3.3% from its population of 390. 086 inhabitants in 2011. With an area of 5,490.35 km2, the city has a population density of 73.4 /km2 in 2016. In 2016, 15% of the population was 14 years old or younger, while 16% had 65 and over.



The city of Halifax is overwhelmingly English-speaking (89.6%). In January 2018 the city had 40,000 French-speaking inhabitants, including 10,000 whose mother tongue (2.6%) and 345 whose only language. The municipality decides on this date to publish all of its municipal notices in French. The third mother tongue of the inhabitants is Arabic (1.6%).



85% of the city's population is Christian while 13% declare themselves to have no religious affiliation. 1% is Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu or Sikh. Catholics fall primarily under the Archdiocese of Halifax-Yarmouth while Anglicans (Protestants) fall under the Anglican Diocese of Nova Scotia & PEI. Among the city's notable religious buildings is the Halifax Cathedral of All Saints.



The Halifax Chamber of Commerce has 16,000 members and its main objective is to promote local economic interests.



The Halifax area is served by Halifax Stanfield International Airport and the Port of Halifax.



Halifax enjoys a continental climate on the eastern sides that is both cold and humid (type Dfb according to the Koppen classification). Winters are generally less severe than in most cities in Canada, and conditions are often wet in winter, when the majority of Canada is very cold and snowy. However, Halifax is normally snowy from December to March. On average, 261 cm of snow falls per year. Spring and fall are mild, with lots of fog. Autumn is often very pleasant. Hurricanes are rare, but known. However, severe storms are frequent, and rain more, mainly due to the location of the city on the Atlantic coast.



There are six universities in Halifax: Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, University of King's College, Mount Saint Vincent University, Nova Scotia College of Art and Design, and the University's Halifax campus. Saint Anne.


Sports clubs

Hockey: The Halifax Mooseheads play in the QMJHL (Quebec Major Junior Hockey League), in the Maritimes Division, along with the Charlottetown Islanders, Cape Breton Screaming Eagles, Saint-Jean Sea Dogs, Acadie-Bathurst Titan and Moncton Wildcats.

Basketball: The Halifax Rainmen are part of the National Basketball League of Canada, in the Atlantic Division, along with the Island Storm of Prince Edward Island, the Miracles of Moncton, the Jazz of Montreal and the Mill Rats of Saint-Jean.

Box Lacrosse: The Halifax Thunderbirds play in the NLL (National Lacrosse League), North Division, along with the Toronto Rock, Buffalo Bandits and Rochester Knighthawks.



Gilbert Stuart Newton (September 2, 1795 – August 5, 1835) Halifax-born British painter
William Annand (1808-1887), former Premier of Nova Scotia;
Sharon Carstairs (1942-), politician;
Philip Carteret Hill (1821-1894), former Premier of Nova Scotia;
Michael Hannan (1821-1882), Archbishop of Halifax;
Cornelius O'Brien (1843-1906), Archbishop of Halifax;
Sidney Crosby (1987-), professional hockey player;
Darrell Dexter (1957-), former Premier of Nova Scotia;
John Valentine Ellis (1835-1913), journalist and politician;
Hal Foster (1892-1982), designer of Prince Vaillant and Tarzan;
Leslie Hope (1965-), actress;
Alexander Keith (1795-1873), businessman;
Nathan MacKinnon (1995-), professional hockey player;
Brad Marchand (1988-), professional hockey player;
Sarah McLachlan (1968-), singer and musician;
Peter North (1957-), pornographic actor;
Craig Olejnik (1979-), actor;
Elliot Page (1987-), actor;
John Sparrow David Thompson (1845-1894), former Prime Minister of Canada;
Denny Doherty (1940-2007), lead singer of The Mamas & The Papas;
Henri-Dominique Paratte (1950-), writer, literary critic, professor emeritus and cultural agent.
Harry Wickwire Foster (1902–1964), Canadian Army general
Edward Joseph McCarthy (1850–1931), Archbishop of the Catholic Church
Eli Goree (1994-), actor;
Lindell Wigginton (born 1998), basketball player
Nancy Garapick (1961-), swimmer, Olympic medalist