South Carolina

South Carolina is a state of the United States of America and, like North Carolina, was named after the Latin name Carolus for the English King Charles I. South Carolina's nickname is Palmetto State. The region that currently constitutes South Carolina was initially part of the English colony of Carolina, named in honor of King Charles II of England (in Latin Charles is Carolus). In 1712, the Carolina colony separated into two: North Carolina and South Carolina.

South Carolina was one of the Thirteen Colonies that rebelled against British rule in the American War of Independence. South Carolina became the eighth state of the Union on May 23, 1788. It was the first state to secede from the Union, on December 20, 1860, after the election of Abraham Lincoln, to found the Confederate States of America. The American Civil War began in South Carolina on April 12, 1861, when Confederate troops invaded Fort Sumter. After the end of the war, the state would be readmitted back into the Union on June 25, 1868.

South Carolina's nickname, The Palmetto State, originated during the Revolutionary War. Palmetto is an English word that in Spanish means palm tree. At the beginning of the revolution, British forces unsuccessfully attempted to capture Fort Moultrie made of palm tree trunks, abundant in the state. The next day, the commander of the fort, seeing a British warship on fire, commented that the smoke emitted by the burning ship resembled a palm tree.



Blue Ridge Mountains, the extreme northwestern tip of South Carolina, above Highway 85
Piedmont, the sprawling highlands of northwest South Carolina
Coastal Plain, roughly everything southeast of Highways 1+20 and Columbia.


Other destinations

Congaree National Park is situated in Richland County, Florida in United States. This nature reserve covers an area of 21,867.02 acres.

Fort Sumter is a famous site where first shorts of the Civil War were fired in 1861. It is located Charleston County, SC.


Getting here

The state's main airports are Charleston (CHS), Greenville-Spartanburg (GSP) and Myrtle Beach (MYR). None of them are directly accessible from Europe. Much larger is Charlotte Douglas Airport (CLT), which is in North Carolina but only a few kilometers from the state border and can be reached with direct flights from Europe. If you want to go all the way to the south of South Carolina, you can fly to Savannah in Georgia (SAV).

Amtrak's Palmetto, Silver Star, and Silver Meteor long-distance rail lines run through South Carolina, connecting New York and Washington to the Atlantic coasts of Georgia and Florida, sometimes overnight. They hold i.a. in Charleston, Columbia and Florence. For example, the drive from Savannah (Georgia) to Charleston takes 1½ hours, from Orlando or Richmond (Virginia) a good seven hours, from Washington just under 9½ hours, from New York over 13 hours and from Miami 15 hours.



South Carolina is bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the southwest by Georgia. The South Carolina coastline has an extension of about 301 kilometers. Counting all regions bathed by the sea - bays, estuaries and oceanic islands, this number increases to 4628 kilometers. The main river in South Carolina is the Santee River, whose watershed covers about 40% of the state. It is also the longest river in the state. Other major rivers in South Carolina are the Pee Dee and the Savannah, respectively the second and third longest rivers in South Carolina. The state does not have any large natural lakes. The state's largest lakes were created through dams. The largest lake in South Carolina is Lake Marion, created by a dam opened in 1942. Forests cover about 65% of the state.

South Carolina can be considered divided into three distinct geographic regions:

The Blue Range forms a narrow strip of land that covers the northwestern tip of South Carolina. It has the highest and most rugged terrain in the state — although not as high as the Blue Ridge region of North Carolina. This region has several peaks with more than 800 meters of altitude, but they rarely exceed a thousand meters of altitude. The highest point in the state, Sassafras Peak, reaches 1083 meters in altitude.
The Piedmont covers most of the northwestern region of South Carolina. It is characterized by being the roots of an ancient eroded mountain range. In South Carolina, the Piedmont tends to be covered with mountains with fine, infertile and very rocky soils, with few regions conducive to the practice of agriculture. The altitude of the Piedmont gradually decreases as one travels from the Blue Ridge toward the coast, from 600 meters near the Blue Ridge to about 150 meters along the Coastal Plains. Much of the Piedmont has already been cultivated before, although without much success. Currently, most of the formerly cultivated areas of the Piedmont are being reforested.
The Atlantic Coastal Plains cover the rest of South Carolina. The border between the Coastal Plains and the Piedmont is called the fall line, where the altitude between the Piedmont region and the Plains drops drastically, leading to the formation of various waterfalls and waterfalls. The Coastal Plains are flat and have few geographical features, and are composed of recent sediments (mainly sand). Various swamps are located in these plains. The soil of the region is very fertile.



South Carolina has a subtropical climate, with mild winters and very hot summers. The average temperature of the state, throughout the year, drops as you travel north, and from the coast towards the interior. The highest temperatures are recorded in the extreme south, and the lowest temperatures are recorded in the extreme northwest.

In winter, average temperatures vary between 11°C in the south and 5°C in the northwest. The average minimum is 8°C in the south and 2°C in the northwest, and the average maximum is 16°C in the south and 12°C in the northwest. The extremes vary between -20 °C and 26 °C. The lowest temperature recorded in the state was -28 °C, in Caesars Head, on January 21, 1985.

During summer, average temperatures vary between 27°C in the south and 22°C in the northwest. The average minimum is 24°C in the south and 19°C in the northwest, and the average maximum is 32°C in the south and 31°C in the northwest. The extremes vary between 10 °C and 40 °C. The highest temperature recorded in the state was 44 ° C, recorded three times in the history of South Carolina: on September 4, 1925, in Blacksville, on September 8 of the same year, in Calhoun Falls and in Camden, on June 28, 1954.

Average annual rainfall rates are 114 centimeters statewide. These rates reach 180 centimeters in the Blue Mountains region. The average annual snowfall rates in the state are 18 centimeters, also in the Blue Mountains, and less than two centimeters annually in the rest of the state.



Discovery and exploration

About 30 different Native American tribes lived in the region that is now South Carolina at the time of the first European explorers arrived in the region. Of these tribes, the most important were the Catawba (part of the Siouan Native American group), the Cherokee, and the Yamasee (Muskhogean). The first humans to settle in present-day South Carolina are believed to have done so about 15,000 years ago.

The first European explorer to sight and land in present-day South Carolina was the Spanish Rubén Laboy, in 1521. Five years later, in 1526, another Spaniard, Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, founded the first European settlement in the territory that currently constitutes USA. This settlement was named by Ayllón as San Miguel de Guadalupe and was founded with 600 expedition members. San Miguel de Guadalupe would be abandoned the following year, in 1527. The South Carolina region would be claimed by the Spanish and the French throughout the 16th century. The French made several attempts to colonize the region, which failed due to the hostility of local indigenous tribes and a lack of supplies.

England claimed present-day South Carolina at the beginning of the 17th century. In 1629, King Charles I of England ceded the southern Thirteen Colonies to Robert Heath. This colony included the regions that currently constitute North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Tennessee. Heath named this colony Carolana, a Latin word meaning 'Land of Charles'.


English colony

In 1663, King Charles II of England confiscated the province of Carolina from Heath's descendants, and ceded the colony to eight "lords"—known as Lords Proprietors—who would jointly administer the province of Carolina. Charles II did it to reward said lords, who had supported his rise to power. The province of Carolina was divided into three counties: Albermarle (northern present-day North Carolina and Tennessee), Clarendon (present-day Cape Fear), and Craven (present-day South Carolina and Georgia). Clarendon County would last until 1667, when it was merged with Albermarle County. The first English settlement in present-day South Carolina would be founded in 1670, at Albermarle Point. Ten years later, in 1680, settlers from this settlement moved to the Oyster Point region. The new settlement founded there was called Charles Town, a name that would be changed to the current Charleston in 1783.

The South Carolina region continued to be claimed by the Spanish and French until the 1730s. During this period, English colonists were forced to defend themselves from various attacks by Spanish and French forces during the War of the Spanish Succession, between 1710 and 1713, and various indigenous and pirate attacks. The growing economic and political differences between the population of Albermarle and Craven counties finally caused the dissolution of the province of Carolina, in 1712. In its place, two distinct colonial provinces were founded: North Carolina and South Carolina, in which were formerly Albermarle and Craven counties. Both colonies continued to be administered by the lords proprietors.

The lords, who had only political and economic interests in the region, did little to help the colonists during the Spanish, French, indigenous and pirate attacks, a fact that greatly displeased the population. Furthermore, the lords did not allow the colonists to elect their governors. These lords were deposed in 1719, after rejecting proposed laws created by the state's population that same year. South Carolina then became a royal colony, governed by a governor chosen by the monarch of the United Kingdom. The British monarch of the time, King George I of England, did this in an attempt to please the population of South Carolina, since the colony acted as the first defense barrier against Spanish invasions from the south, especially from Florida. In 1732, the southern part separated into a separate colony, Georgia.

South Carolina, since the 1700s, had prospered with the cultivation of rice in the region. From the mid-1730s, cotton also became widely grown in the region. Cotton was primarily exported to other countries. Selling cotton at competitive prices required a lot of cheap labor. This is how thousands of people were forcibly brought from the African continent to work as slaves. With the expansion of the cultivated area from the coast to the interior, more and more settlers and slaves settled in the region. In 1775, South Carolina had about 175,000 inhabitants. Of these, 100,000 were white and 75,000 were black.

During the 1760s, a series of laws passed by the United Kingdom, which instituted various taxes or diminished the independence of the Thirteen Colonies in relation to the metropolis, displeased the majority of the population, which until then was, in its majority, loyal to the British. After the institution of these laws, the population of South Carolina was divided into two groups: the Whigs, who supported the independence of the Thirteen Colonies, and the Torys, loyal to the British crown.


Independence from England

The American Revolutionary War began in 1775. Most of South Carolina would be conquered by the British at the start of the war. The largest city in South Carolina at the time, Charleston, was in the hands of the colonists, and would be attacked for the first time by British troops in June 1776. The city's colonists defeated these troops at the Battle of Sullivan Island. The British invaded the city of Charleston again in 1779, successfully taking the city in 1780. American troops, under the command of General Horatio Gates, attempted to gain control of South Carolina in 1780, starting from North Carolina, but were forced to retreat after being defeated at the Battle of Camden. It was in 1781 when a new American force, commanded by General Nathanael Greene, invaded South Carolina and forced the British to retreat towards Virginia. Charleston would remain under British control until 1782. In total, nearly 200 battles and conflicts took place between colonial troops and militias and British troops.

After the independence of the United States, in 1783, South Carolina would ratify the Constitution of the United States of America, on May 23, 1788, becoming the 8th state of the Union.

South Carolina's economy depended primarily on cotton exports to European countries. Because of this, the state government supported free trade between countries, and opposed the adoption of customs tariffs. Various customs tariffs were adopted in the country during the 1800s and 1810s. In 1819, the country suffered an economic recession. The South Carolina government then alleged that customs tariffs were the cause of this recession. South Carolina pressured the government to remove these tariffs, but without success.

In 1828, the United States government decided to implement new customs tariffs, which drastically increased the rates on the vast majority of products imported into the country. The then Vice President of the United States, John C. Calhoun, a native South Carolinian, stated that no state in the United States was required to accept a law adopted by the federal government when the state government considered it unconstitutional. After the adoption of a further customs tariff, in 1832, the state passed an Act, known as the Order of Annulment, where the state explicitly rejected the federal law. The federal government threatened to send troops to South Carolina to force customs duties to be collected. The issue reached the United States Congress, which created a new system of customs tariffs, which replaced the old ones. The new customs rates, which came into force in 1833, were significantly lower than the old ones. Therefore, South Carolina vacated its Annulment Order that same year.

During the 1830s, the movement for the abolition of slave labor began to grow in the industrialized northern states of the United States, while the South, dependent on agrarian industry, favored the use of slave labor. In 1850, South Carolina threatened to secede from the rest of the country because of the national debate over slave labor — whether or not it should be allowed in the new territories in the West. However, without the support of the remaining southern states, South Carolina did not secede.


Confederate state

In 1860, the abolitionist Republican Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election that year. South Carolina, fearing that Lincoln would definitively abolish slavery in the country, decided to secede from the United States. The state did so on December 20 of that year, becoming the first American state to secede from the rest of the country. Later, ten other states would also secede from the United States, and immediately join together to form the Confederate States of America.

The American Civil War began in South Carolina on April 12, 1861, when Confederate troops began the attack on Fort Sumter, a Union fort in Confederate territory, near Charleston. The next day, the troops inside the fort surrendered. The United States, later after the start of the war, blocked South Carolina's access to the sea, through the naval blockade of the state's main ports. This ruined South Carolina's economy. Union troops commanded by William T. Sherman invaded South Carolina in 1865, burning a large number of plantations throughout the state. By the end of the war, nearly 65,000 South Carolina men had fought alongside the Confederacy. Of these, about 18,000 died.


State of the Union

After the war, South Carolina was occupied by American troops. Republicans took control of the state government by force. These Republicans placed Southerners who were sympathizers of the North, as well as various African Americans, in power. In 1868, the state adopted a new constitution, and on June 25 of the same year, South Carolina would once again be elevated to the status of a state of the Union.

After the Civil War, the situation for blacks in the state improved little despite the abolition of slavery. The patrols continued to harass and even murder blacks; They were also de facto deprived of their civil rights, although they were theoretically recognized, and the law prohibited them from practicing any "artistic, commercial or industrial" profession, allowing them only to be servants or laborers.

South Carolina began to industrialize rapidly starting in the 1880s. Various wealthy landowners in the state built various textile factories in South Carolina, with income from cotton produced on their own farms. Other companies, coming from the Northern region of the United States, settled in South Carolina, taking advantage of the abundance of raw materials and cheap labor. Various dams and hydroelectric plants were founded in the state.

Until then, the state government was dominated by a wing of the American Democratic Party, called Bourbon. This wing was made up of landowners, lawyers and rich merchants. A drop in agricultural product prices in the late 1880s led to large protests by the state's small landowners against the Bourbons. In the state elections of 1890, the Tillmanites wing of the Democratic Party—led by Benjamin R. Tillman—won the majority of seats in the Legislature, with Tillman himself winning the governorship. The state, under his leadership, adopted a new constitution that same year, eliminating the right to vote for African Americans.


Twentieth century

South Carolina's industrialization continued over the course of the first three decades of the 20th century. The state became one of the largest centers of the national textile industry. During World War I, South Carolina factories produced large quantities of fabrics and general clothing for the United States Armed Forces. At the end of the war, in 1918, about 55 thousand people worked in the state's textile industry. This industry continued its expansion during the 1920s. In this decade, various pests destroyed many of the cotton plantations — until then the most cultivated product in the entire state. Various landowners then began to grow other products, such as tobacco and wheat.

South Carolina was hit hard by the Great Depression of the 1930s. Public construction and socioeconomic assistance programs by state and federal governments helped minimize the effects of the economic recession around 1937. The economy largely recovered. around 1940. A year later, in 1941, the United States entered World War II. South Carolina's economy, until then with agriculture as the main source of income, began to have industry as its main source of income, which accelerated the state's urbanization process. By the end of the 1940s, more people lived in cities than in rural areas.

African Americans in South Carolina began fighting for their civil rights beginning in the 1940s. At the end of World War II, African Americans again gained the right to vote in state and federal elections held in the state. From then on, the number of African Americans voting in elections gradually increased, despite various racist groups intimidating them not to do so. Racial segregation between whites and African Americans in public places gradually died out during the 1950s and 1960s. In 1954, South Carolina began the process of "desegregating" its public education system — following a Supreme Court order of the United States, aimed at all states with segregated educational institutions. This desegregation was slow and gradual, being completed only at the beginning of the 1970s.

From then on, various African Americans obtained important positions in municipal and state government positions. In 1970, three African Americans from South Carolina were elected state representatives to the United States House of Representatives. These three representatives were the first African Americans elected to the House of Representatives since 1902 in any American state.

South Carolina continued its industrialization during the decades following World War II. Today, few American states are as dependent on the industry as South Carolina. This growth has continued since the 1980s, mainly because of tax incentives for businesses, as well as the increased attention given by the state to education.



Like its neighbors North Carolina and Georgia, South Carolina is a southern state shaped by conservative-republican ideas. Strom Thurmond, the Segregationist wing of the Democrats (Dixiecrats) presidential candidate in the 1948 election, was a Senator here. However, new metropolises such as the IT districts of North Carolina or modern Atlanta did not arise here after the decline of agriculture. Therefore, the population is increasing proportionally less than in the other Sun Belt states. Between 1960 and 2004 the Democrats only won the 1976 election. Since there are no larger cities apart from Charleston and Columbia, the Democrats lack the voter structure of the metropolitan areas, which is so important for them in Virginia. The strong influence of the Bible Belt outweighs the Democrats' advantage of the high proportion of African Americans in the total population. From 1932 to 2008, South Carolina continuously provided eight electoral college electors; In 2012 it was nine again for the first time.

Republicans Lindsey Graham and Tim Scott currently represent the state in the US Senate. The South Carolina delegation to the 116th Congress of Representatives consists of five Republicans and two Democrats.

Nikki Haley was the first woman to resign from the governorship from 2011 to 2017 after being named US Ambassador to the United Nations. Her successor was Henry McMaster.

The state legislature, the South Carolina General Assembly, is a bicameral legislature. It consists of the Senate with 46 members and the House of Representatives with 124 seats. Republicans hold a majority in both chambers. The seat of the South Carolina General Assembly is the South Carolina State House, the state capitol of the state in the capital Columbia.


Administration and politics

The current Constitution of South Carolina was adopted in 1895. Previous Constitutions were approved in 1776, 1778, 1790, 1861, 1865 and 1868. Amendments to the Constitution are proposed by the legislative branch, and to be valid, they need to be approved by at least 67% of the State Senate and House of Representatives, in two successive votes, and subsequently by 51% or more of the South Carolina voting population, in a referendum. Amendments may also be proposed and introduced by a constitutional convention, which need to receive the approval of at least 67% of the members of both chambers of the Legislature and 51% of the state's voters in a referendum.

The chief executive officer of South Carolina is the governor. He is elected by the state's voters for terms of up to four years in length. The same person can serve as governor as many times as he can, but not twice consecutively. Eight other executive officers are also elected by the state electorate to four-year terms.

The legislative branch of South Carolina—officially called the General Assembly—is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has a total of 46 members, while the House of Representatives has a total of 124 members. South Carolina is divided into 45 senatorial districts and 124 different representative districts. The electorate of these districts elect a senator/representative—who will act as the representative of their respective districts in the Senate/House of Representatives—for terms of up to four years in the case of senators and two years in the case of senators. case of representatives.

The highest court of the South Carolina judiciary is the South Carolina Supreme Court, composed of five justices, elected by the Legislature for terms of up to ten years in length. The second highest court in the state is the Court of Appeals, made up of six judges elected by the Legislature for terms of up to six years. The state is divided into 16 judicial districts, which employ a total of 40 judges elected by the Legislature for terms of up to six years in length.

South Carolina is divided into 46 counties. These counties are governed by boards of commissioners, whose membership varies greatly from county to county. All commissioners are chosen by the population of the respective counties, for terms of two or four years. These commissioners have legislative and executive authority over the county.

About half of South Carolina's budget is generated by state taxes, and the rest comes from budgets received from the federal government. In 2002, the state government spent $20 billion, having generated $17 billion. South Carolina's Public Debt is $10.1 billion. The debt per capita is $2,465, the value of state taxes per capita is $1,483, and the value of government expenditures per capita is $4,878.



According to the 2000 national census of the United States Census Bureau, the population of South Carolina in 2000 was 4,012,012, a growth of 15.7% relative to the state's population in 1990. , with 3,486,703 inhabitants. An estimate made in 2005 calculates the population of the state in that year at 4,255,083 inhabitants, a growth of 22% in relation to the population of the state in 1990, of 6.1%, in relation to the population of the state in 2000, and 1.4% in relation to the estimated population in 2004.

The natural growth of the natural population between 2000 and 2005 was 97,715 inhabitants - 295,425 births and 197,710 deaths - the population growth caused by immigration was 36,401 inhabitants, while interstate migration increased by 115,084 inhabitants. Between 2000 and 2005, North Carolina's population grew by 243,267, and between 2004 and 2005, by 57,191.

6.6% of South Carolina's population is under 5 years of age, 25.2% under 18 years of age, and 12.1% are 65 years of age or older. Males make up 48.6% of the state's population, and females make up 51.4%.


Races and ethnicities

Currently the state of South Carolina has a population of 4,321,249 people, of which:
65.5% are white (European or of European descent).
28.4% are African American.
3.4% are Latino or Hispanic.
1.1% are Asian.
1.3% are of other races.
1.3% are of two or more races.

The five largest groups in South Carolina by ancestry are: African Americans (comprising 28.4% of the state's population), Americans (13.9%), Germans (8.4%), English (8.4%). %) and Irish (7.9%). Most of the inhabitants who claim "American" ancestry are likely descendants of the early Scots and Irish settlers of South Carolina, who settled in the northern region of the present state.

For most of South Carolina's history, African Americans have been the majority of the state's population — making up 75% of the population. The percentage gradually fell from the 1890s until the 1960s, when large numbers of African Americans left the state and migrated north. African Americans still predominate in the Piedmont region and in the southern part, regions where large plantations of wheat and rice were previously grown. Whites, primarily of American and British descent, predominate in the north and most urban regions of the state.



The first schools in South Carolina were private, where only the children of families who had the financial conditions to pay for the services provided by such schools studied. South Carolina—then Craven County of the British colonial province of Carolina—established a semi-public education system in 1710, which aimed to provide educational services free of charge to children from poor families, while charging for such services to children from families that were financially able to pay for such a service. These schools were called free schools. Craven County approved the construction of these schools throughout the region in 1711. However, because of the limited budgetary means provided by the county government, few of these schools were built, especially in the major cities of Craven County. . It was only in 1868 when the state of South Carolina instituted a system of public education, supported through taxes and budgetary contributions from the state government.

Currently, all educational institutions in South Carolina need to follow the rules and regulations issued by the State Board of Education. The board directly controls the state's public school system, which is divided into different school districts. The council is made up of one member chosen by the governor and another 16 from each of the state's 16 judicial districts, for terms of up to four years.

The population of South Carolina elects a superintendent of public education, for terms of up to four years, whose objective is to preside over the Board of Education. Each primary city (city), various secondary cities (towns) and each county are supervised by a school district. In cities, the responsibility for managing schools falls to the municipal school district, while in less densely populated regions, this responsibility falls to county school districts. South Carolina allows the operation of charter schools — independent public schools, which are not managed by school districts, but which depend on public budgets for their operation. Schooling is compulsory for all children and adolescents over five years of age, until the completion of secondary education or until the age of sixteen.

In 1999, the state's public schools served approximately 666.8 thousand students, employing approximately 45.5 thousand teachers. Private schools served about 55.6 thousand students, employing approximately 4.9 thousand teachers. The state's public school system consumed about $3.759 million, and public school spending was approximately six thousand dollars per student. About 80.8% of the state's inhabitants over 25 years of age have a high school diploma.

The first library in the British Thirteen Colonies was founded in South Carolina, in present-day Charleston, in 1698, although it closed only four years later. The first university library built with a structure separate from the rest of the country's educational system was founded by the University of South Carolina in 1840. Currently, South Carolina has 41 public library systems, which annually move an average of 4.5 books per inhabitant.

The first institution of higher education in South Carolina was the College of South Carolina—now the University of South Carolina—which was founded in 1805 by the state government. Currently, South Carolina has 66 higher education institutions, of which 36 are public and 30 are private. Of these institutions, 15 are universities, and the rest are faculties. The largest institution of higher education in the state is the University of South Carolina, which has several campuses in several cities in the state.



Abortion in the state of South Carolina is available up to the sixth week of pregnancy. However, after the Supreme Court overturned the Roe v. Wade case in 2022, which guaranteed the right to abortion, Republican legislators decided to completely ban abortion in the state, except in cases where the mother's life was at risk. endangered. Senators also introduced a bill that would make it illegal to provide "information [about how to obtain an abortion] to a pregnant woman, or to a person seeking information on behalf of a pregnant woman, by telephone, the Internet, or any other means of communication." The legislation would make it illegal to simply refer a woman to an abortion provider.



South Carolina's gross domestic product was $115 billion in 2003. The state's per capita income, meanwhile, was $28,663. The unemployment rate is 6.8%, the fifth highest in the country.

The primary sector accounts for 1% of South Carolina's GDP. Agriculture and livestock both contribute about 0.95% of the state's GDP, and employ approximately 59 thousand people. South Carolina has about 25,000 farms, covering approximately 25% of the state. South Carolina is one of the largest tobacco producers in the country. The cultivation of flowers in greenhouses, corn and poultry in general are other important products. Forestry and fishing together contribute about 0.05% of the GDP, employing about nine thousand people. The value of the fish caught annually is about 30 million dollars.

The secondary sector accounts for 29% of the GDP. The manufacturing industry contributes 24% of the state's GDP and employs approximately 370 thousand people. The total value of manufactured products is 34 billion dollars. The main industrialized products manufactured in the state are cigarettes, chemical products, textiles, transportation equipment, furniture in general, paper and clothing. The state is the second largest producer of cigarettes in the country, behind only North Carolina. The construction industry corresponds to about 4.95% of the state's GDP, employing approximately 147 thousand people, and mining accounts for 0.5%, employing about 2.4 thousand people. The main mineral products in the state are granite and sandstone.

The service sector contributes 70% of South Carolina's GDP. Wholesale and retail trade accounts for 17% of the state's GDP, and employs approximately 493 thousand people. Community and personal services contribute 16% of South Carolina's GDP, employing approximately 562 thousand people, and government services 15%, employing approximately 364 thousand people. Financial services and the real estate sector account for about 14% of the state's GDP, employing approximately 136 thousand people. Transportation, telecommunications and public services employ 88 thousand people, and contribute 8% of the GDP. 55% of the electricity generated in the state is produced in nuclear power plants, 35% in coal-fired thermoelectric plants, 8% in natural gas-fired thermoelectric plants, and most of the rest generated in hydroelectric plants. The state produces more electricity than it consumes, and the surplus is sold to neighboring states, primarily North Carolina.




In 2002, South Carolina owned 3,745 kilometers of railroad tracks. In 2003, the state owned 106,587 kilometers of public roads, of which 1,355 kilometers were interstate highways, considered part of the United States federal highway system.



The first newspaper published in South Carolina was the South Carolina Weekly Journal, in 1732, in Charleston. It stopped being published six months later. Currently, about 110 newspapers are published, of which 14 are daily newspapers.

South Carolina's first radio station was founded in 1930, in Spartanburg. The first television station was founded in 1949, in Columbia. In 2002, South Carolina owned 132 radio stations—of which 57 were AM and 75 were FM—and 23 television stations.

The first Spanish-language newspaper aimed at the Latino community for the Charleston, Beaufort, Bluffton and Hilton Head regions was El Informador Spanish Language Newspaper, founded in 2008.



Among the state's top universities are the University of South Carolina, Furman University, Clemson University, and Coastal Carolina University.



The state does not have major league sports teams, due to the proximity of the city of Charlotte to the border between North and South Carolina. However, the NFL's Carolina Panthers and the NHL's Carolina Hurricanes represent both states.

The two most prominent college sports teams are the South Carolina Gamecocks and the Clemson Tigers.

The Darlington oval is one of the traditional NASCAR Cup ovals, and the Southern 500 is held there on the Labor Day holiday.

The Heritage is a PGA Tour golf tournament that has been held since 1969 in Harbor Town. Additionally, Kiawah Island Golf Course has hosted the Ryder Cup, PGA Championship, World Cup of Golf and Senior PGA Championship.

Since 2001, the Charleston Tournament, a WTA Tour tennis tournament, has been held.


State symbols

Amphibian: Spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum)
Tree: Palm
Drink: Milk
Butterfly: Papilio (Papilio glaucus)
Nickname: Palmetto State
Dance: Shag
Sport: Golf
Flower: Carolina jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens)
Fruit: Peach
Insect: South Carolina praying mantis.
Dum spiro, spero (from Latin: "While I breathe, there are hopes" or "As long as there is breath, there is hope")
Animis Opibusque Parati (from Latin: Prepared in Mind and Resources)
Mammal: Virginia deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Music: Carolina
Bird: Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)
Gemstone: Amethyst
Fish: Striped bass (Morone saxatilis)
Reptile: Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta
Rock: Blue granite
Slogan: Smiling Faces. Beautiful Places. (Smiling Faces. Beautiful Places).