Guyana, whose official name is the Cooperative
Republic of Guyana (in English: Cooperative Republic of Guyana), is
a country in the Americas, located on the north coast of South
America, a member of Unasur, CELAC and an associate member of
Mercosur. It limits to the north with the Atlantic Ocean, to the
east with Surinam, to the west with Venezuela and Brazil, and to the
south with Brazil. From 1831 to 1966 it constituted the colony
called British Guiana. The most populated city is, likewise, the
country's capital, Georgetown.
Approximately three quarters
of the west of the country are claimed by Venezuela, specifically
159 542 km², which represents 74.21% of the territory, an area
called by this as Guayana Esequiba. Its other neighbor, Surinam,
claims for itself a part of the eastern territory in the southeast
of the country specifically about 15 600 km² called the Tigri
Region, which currently represents 7.26% of the country.