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Area: 1 million acres
Elevation: 0- 3,281 ft (0- 1,000 m)
Description of Iwokrama Forest
Iwokrama Forest is a massive area in Potaro- Siparuni region in
Guyana. Iwokrama Forest covers a total area of 1 million acres
of pristine forest that range in elevation that range from 0 to
3,281 ft (0- 1,000 m) above sea level. It is famous for its rich
biodiversity with over 500 species of birds, 420 species of
fish, 90 species of bats and many other animals and plants.
These mountains are dotted with small settlements of Macushi
indigenous tribe. It represents an important transition zone in
rainfall, landforms, human histories and biological communities.
At its widest part, the area is 85 km and to a greater
extent in a north-south direction it is 80 km. The
Georgetown-Lethem route dissects the forest, crossing about 72
kilometers between the northeast and south borders. The forest
is between 4 ° and 5 ° north latitude and 58.5 and 59.5 degrees
The Iwokrama forest is bordered to the
west by the Pakaraima Mountain Range and to the east by the
scattered isolated mountains of central-eastern Guyana, Suriname
and French Guiana. It also borders savannas in the southwest and
northeast of Guyana and southwest of Suriname. The Esequibo
River forms the eastern limit. The northern limit is the
Siparuni river. The Burro-Burro River runs through the center,
and most of its basin is located within the Forest.
area is covered with tropical lowland forest, and dominated by
tall tropical trees, with a dense canopy 20 to 30 meters high.
The Iwokrama forest has the highest richness of fish species
(more than 420 described so far) and bats (90) for any area of
this size in the world.