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Nacunday National Park (Parque Nacional Ñacunday)




Location: Ñacunday, Alto Paraná Department   Map

Area: 2000 hectares





Description of Nacunday National Park


Nacunday National Park or Parque Nacional Ñacunday is located near Ñacunday, Alto Paraná Department in Paraguay. The park covers an area of 2000 hectares. Its most famous feature of Nacunday National Park is Salto Ñacunday Waterfall on Ñacunday river that becomes a tributary of Parana river. It is over 100 meters wide and its tallest drop is over 30 meters. The average temperature in this Paraguayan national park is around 21.5 °C. The average annual rainfall ranges from 1,500 to 1,700 mm. It is prohibited for tourists to collect firewood, fruits, plants in the nature reserve. Although the exception to this are local natives who use the fruits of the land for their religious purposes and sustain themselves. The entrance of the park is located about 90 km from Ciudad del Este. Take an asphalt road to Cedrales and then take a gravel road to get to the entrance of the park. There is not much development here. You might need to ask for help from the local population.




It has a tropical climate, with abundant and well distributed rainfall, with an average of 1,500 to 1,700 mm per year, the average temperature is 21.5 ° C, with prevailing winds from the North Quadrant, which corresponds to the biogeographic location of Brazilian Rain Forest , Ecoregion: Alto Paraná.

The dominant vegetation of the Ñacunday National Park is an Intermediate Forest, composed of trees that generally vary between 15 and 20 meters, with abundance of species of the Meliaceae families such as the cedar (Cedrela fissilis), Katigua Pytâ (Trichilia catigua) Palmae family that It composes the palm (Euterpe edulis) and the Myrtaceae Family consisting of ñangapiry (Eugenia uniflora), yvaporaity (Myrciaria rivularis) followed by the tall forest with trees, composed exclusively of broadleaved species. This type of forest mass is recognizable by its general appearance and physiognomy, with specimens up to 35 meters high, where the species of families, Leguminosae such as the Yvyrá Pytâ (Peltophorum dubium), yvyrá ro (Pterogyne nitens) family Boraginaceae predominate , composed of petereby (Cordia dichotoma), followed by the Moraceae family, such as Tatajyva (Chlorophora tinctoria) and Amba´y (Cecropia pachystachya trécul). In addition to these forest formations, the park has a riverine forest, with smaller tree species, represented by the Euphorbiaceae family, this type of forest also has a variety of ferns, they are variable in size, which serve as support for some orchids.

The fauna of the Ñacunday National Park, is represented by diverse species of mammals, birds, rodents and reptiles; As the area protects a section of the Ñacunday River, and it is a water course of importance due to its extension and flow, there is a rich and varied fish fauna, especially at the mouth of the Paraná.

The Ñacunday National Park protects water springs, streams, and a section of the Ñacunday River, tributary of the Paraná River, and the Ñacunday Falls considered the most important in the country after the disappearance of the Saltos del Guairá. The jump of approximately 40 meters high and 70 meters wide that is located about 1,000 meters from the mouth of the Paraná River, under the waterfall has an island that was formed with old streaks of tree rolls that fell to the precipice. Occasionally the Ñacunday river is used for recreational purposes.





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