Paraguay Destinations Travel Guide
Language: Spanish, Guaraní
Currency: Guaraní (PYG)
Calling Code: 595
Paraguay (in Guarani, Paraguái), officially the
Republic of Paraguay, is an American country located in the central
zone of South America. Its territory is politically subdivided into
17 departments and a capital district. Its capital is the city of
Asunción. It limits with Argentina to the southeast, south and
southwest; with Bolivia, to the north and with Brazil, to the east.
It is the fifth smallest country and the fourth least populated in
South America. Its territory is characterized by two different
regions separated by the Paraguay River, the Oriental, which is the
most populated, and the Western, which is part of the Boreal Chaco.
Although it is a state without maritime coastline, it has ports on
the Paraguay and Paraná rivers that give an outlet to the Atlantic
Ocean through the Paraná-Paraguay Waterway.
The human presence dates back to the Neolithic period, which dates back to about 3200 years before Christ, during the pre-Columbian period it was inhabited by indigenous peoples of the Tupi-Guaraní and Mataco-Guaicurú groups. The arrival of the Spaniards marked the beginning of the Hispanic dominion of this territory until the 19th century, when in 1811 Paraguay achieved its independence, being one of the first countries in Latin America to achieve it. The contemporary history of the incipient nation was marked in an economy that grew in its beginnings, until the advent of two major international wars that devastated the country. The successive political struggles for power, together with two civil wars, culminated in a fierce dictatorship, which was finally overthrown and the democratic period that remains in force until the present was established.
Cerro Cora National Park is located in Amambay Department and contains a series of rock painting in several caves inside the park. Battle of Cerro Cora was fought within boundaries of the park.
Nacunday National Park in Paraguay is famous for its beautiful and majestic waterfall.