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Cuzco or Cusco





Location: Cusco region, Cusco Province

Founded: 1100

Nickname: La Ciudad Imperial (The Imperial City)




Travel Destinations in Cusco

Cusco or Cuzco is a former capital of the Inca Empire. Today it is situated in the Cusco province of Peru. Cusco is a formal capital of the Inca Empire (13th century- 1532). Its original layout had a shape of puma, a sacred animal to the local people. It was believed that this shape gave the city its strength and prosperity.

The first three Spaniards showed at the doorsteps of Cusco in May 1533 after the Battle of Cajamarca that led to capture of the Inca ruler Atahualpa. He promised to grant the Spaniards a room full of gold if they will let him go. Spanish came to Cusco to collect Atahualpa's Ransom Room. It was said that it measured 22 feet by 17 feet by 8 feet in height. Atahualpa made good on his promise, by Francisco Pizzaro, leader of the Spanish invasion, ordered his execution anyway. Later that year Pizzaro entered Cusco on 15 November 1533. Incas recaptured their capital, but in 1536 they left the city for good.

Cathedral of Santo Domingo (Cusco)


Plaza de Armas, Cuzco

Cathedral of Santo Domingo stands on the Plaza de Armas in the center of Cusco. It was constructed in the 16th century by the Catholic Church that took the construction of the new church very seriously. It became an important tool to impress local native tribes as well as center of spread of European and Christian culture in the New World. Cathedral of Santo Domingo (Holy Sunday) today is one of the most important and popular tourist destinations in Cusco.







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