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Cuzco or Cusco
Location: Cusco region, Cusco Province
Nickname: La Ciudad Imperial (The Imperial City)
Travel Destinations in Cusco
Cusco or Cuzco is a former capital of the Inca Empire.
Today it is situated in the Cusco province of Peru. Cusco is a formal capital of the Inca Empire (13th century- 1532).
Its original layout had a shape of puma, a sacred animal to the
local people. It was believed that this shape gave the city its
strength and prosperity.
The first three Spaniards showed at the doorsteps of Cusco in May
1533 after the Battle of Cajamarca that led to capture of the Inca
ruler Atahualpa. He promised to grant the Spaniards a room full of
gold if they will let him go. Spanish came to Cusco to collect
Atahualpa's Ransom Room. It was said that it measured 22 feet by 17
feet by 8 feet in height. Atahualpa made good on his promise, by
Francisco Pizzaro, leader of the Spanish invasion, ordered his
execution anyway. Later that year Pizzaro entered Cusco on 15
November 1533. Incas recaptured their capital, but in 1536 they left
the city for good.
Cathedral of Santo Domingo (Cusco)
Plaza de Armas, Cuzco
Cathedral of Santo Domingo stands on the Plaza de Armas in the
center of Cusco. It was constructed in the 16th century by the
Catholic Church that took the construction of the new church very
seriously. It became an important tool to impress local native
tribes as well as center of spread of European and Christian culture
in the New World. Cathedral of Santo Domingo (Holy Sunday) today is
one of the most important and popular tourist destinations in Cusco.