Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Peru

Peru Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

Flag of Peru

Language: Spanish
Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Calling Code: +51

 

 

 

Peru (in Quechua and in Aymara: Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru, is a sovereign country in western South America. The Pacific Ocean borders its coast and borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, and Bolivia and Chile to the southeast. Its territory is made up of diverse landscapes: the valleys, the plateaus and the high summits of the Andes unfold to the west towards the desert coast and to the east towards the Amazon. It is one of the countries with the greatest biological diversity and the largest mineral resources in the world.

Ancient Peru was a region of successive civilizations since the emergence of Caral-Supe in 3200 BC. The Inca Empire was the last autochthonous or indigenous State, which dominated a large part of the South American west towards the fifteenth century. The conquest of the Incario was followed by the next century, after which the territory was configured as a viceroyalty of the Spanish Empire articulated around the exploitation of silver and gold with forced labor of indigenous and African slaves in mines and haciendas. The Bourbon reforms of the eighteenth century led to various uprisings against the colonial authority, whose maximum exponent was the rebellion of Tupac Amaru II.

With the occupation of Spain and the promulgation of the 1812 constitution, ideas of political autonomy in Spanish America were disseminated. Independence was formally proclaimed in 1821, and was settled in the battle of Ayacucho three years later.The country remained in recession and military caudillismo until the bonanza and decline of the Guano era, which culminated shortly before the War from Pacific. In the postwar period, an oligarchic policy was cemented that prevailed until the end of the Oncenio. The successive democratic governments were constantly interrupted by coups d'état.

 

Travel Destinations in Peru

 

Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve

Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve is situated 16 mi from Iquitos in Maynas Province of Peru. The nature reserve covers an area of 58,070 ha.

Arequipa

 

Beautiful colonial town of Arequipa is the capital city of Arequipa Region of Peru.

Bahuaja Sonene National Park

 

Bahuaja Sonene National Park is located 37 mi (60 km) South-west from Puerto Maldonado in Peru. This national park covers an area of 1,092,142 ha.

Chauchilla Cemetery

 

Chauchilla Cemetery in Peru is famous for its Native American ancient mummies and burial artifacts.

Chavin de Huantar

Chavin de Huantar is an ancient archaeological site located 19 mi (30 km) South-east of Huari and 0.6 mi (1 km) from Chavin village in Peru.

Colca Canyon

 

Colca Canyon is one of the largest and deepest canyons in the World measuring a depth of 11,155 feet (3,400 m) and stretching for 62 miles (100 km).

Cuzco

 

Cuzco is a former capital of the Inca Empire. Today it is situated in the Cuzco province of Peru.

Huascarán National Park

 

Huascarán National Park is located 12 mi (40 km) from Huaraz in Peru.

Kuelap

 

Kuelap is an ancient walled town in Utcubamba Valley in Nortern Peru. Kuelap was constructed by tribes of the Chachapoyas culture.

Machu Picchu

 

Machu Picchu is an ancient archeological Inca site 69 mi (110 km) Northwest of Cusco in Peru.

Moray and Salinas de Maras

 

Moray and Salinas de Maras was constructed by Inca natives, presumably as a giant agricultural experiment station.

Nazca Lines

Mysterious ancient Nazca Lines still puzzle historians. Exactly why did native americans construct images seen from high above is unknown.

Pacaya–Samiria National Reservation

 

Pacaya–Samiria National Reservation is one of the largest nature reserves in Peru protecting area around tributaries of the Amazon river.

Paracas National Reservation

 

Paracas National Reservation is famous for its marine bio diversity as well as impressive archeological site of the Paracas natives.

Sacsayhuamán

 

Archeological site of Sacsayhuaman outside of Cusco is a massive fortress for the defense of Inca capital.

The Inca Trail

 

The Inca Trail is a system of roads constructed by the Inca civilization that runs through their cities, fortresses and other structures.

Tipon

 

Ancient city of Tipon is an important Inca settlement that served as a royal residence as well as a agricultural laboratory.

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is South America's second largest lake that lies at an altitude of 12,500 feet (3,800 m). Due to its unique climatic condition the lake and its surroundings were settled since the ancient time.

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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