Peru Destinations Travel Guide
Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Calling Code: +51
Peru (in Quechua and in Aymara: Piruw), officially
the Republic of Peru, is a sovereign country in western South
America. The Pacific Ocean borders its coast and borders Ecuador and
Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, and Bolivia and Chile to
the southeast. Its territory is made up of diverse landscapes: the
valleys, the plateaus and the high summits of the Andes unfold to
the west towards the desert coast and to the east towards the
Amazon. It is one of the countries with the greatest biological
diversity and the largest mineral resources in the world.
Ancient Peru was a region of successive civilizations since the
emergence of Caral-Supe in 3200 BC. The Inca Empire was the last
autochthonous or indigenous State, which dominated a large part of
the South American west towards the fifteenth century. The conquest
of the Incario was followed by the next century, after which the
territory was configured as a viceroyalty of the Spanish Empire
articulated around the exploitation of silver and gold with forced
labor of indigenous and African slaves in mines and haciendas. The
Bourbon reforms of the eighteenth century led to various uprisings
against the colonial authority, whose maximum exponent was the
rebellion of Tupac Amaru II.
With the occupation of Spain and
the promulgation of the 1812 constitution, ideas of political
autonomy in Spanish America were disseminated. Independence was
formally proclaimed in 1821, and was settled in the battle of
Ayacucho three years later.The country remained in recession and
military caudillismo until the bonanza and decline of the Guano era,
which culminated shortly before the War from Pacific. In the postwar
period, an oligarchic policy was cemented that prevailed until the
end of the Oncenio. The successive democratic governments were
constantly interrupted by coups d'état.
Travel Destinations in Peru
Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve
Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve is situated 16 mi from
Iquitos in Maynas Province of Peru. The nature reserve
covers an area of 58,070 ha.
Beautiful colonial town of Arequipa is the capital city of
Arequipa Region of Peru.
Bahuaja Sonene National Park
Bahuaja Sonene National Park is located 37 mi (60 km)
South-west from Puerto Maldonado in Peru. This national park
covers an area of 1,092,142 ha.
Chauchilla Cemetery in Peru is famous for its Native
American ancient mummies and burial artifacts.
Chavin de Huantar is an ancient archaeological site located
19 mi (30 km) South-east of Huari and 0.6 mi (1 km) from
Chavin village in Peru.
Colca Canyon is one of the largest and deepest canyons in
the World measuring a depth of 11,155 feet (3,400 m) and
stretching for 62 miles (100 km).
Cuzco is a former capital of the Inca Empire. Today it is
situated in the Cuzco province of Peru.
Huascarán National Park
Huascarán National Park is located 12 mi (40 km) from Huaraz
Kuelap is an ancient walled town in Utcubamba Valley in
Nortern Peru. Kuelap was constructed by tribes of the
Machu Picchu is an ancient archeological Inca site 69 mi
(110 km) Northwest of Cusco in Peru.
Moray and Salinas de Maras
Moray and Salinas de Maras was constructed by Inca natives,
presumably as a giant agricultural experiment station.
Mysterious ancient Nazca Lines still puzzle historians.
Exactly why did native americans construct images seen from
high above is unknown.
Pacaya–Samiria National Reservation
Pacaya–Samiria National Reservation is one of the largest
nature reserves in Peru protecting area around tributaries
of the Amazon river.
Paracas National Reservation
Paracas National Reservation is famous for its marine bio
diversity as well as impressive archeological site of the
Archeological site of Sacsayhuaman outside of Cusco is a
massive fortress for the defense of Inca capital.
The Inca Trail
The Inca Trail is a system of roads constructed by the Inca
civilization that runs through their cities, fortresses and
Ancient city of Tipon is an important Inca settlement that
served as a royal residence as well as a agricultural
Lake Titicaca is South America's second largest lake that
lies at an altitude of 12,500 feet (3,800 m). Due to its
unique climatic condition the lake and its surroundings were
settled since the ancient time.