Mosul (or Mosul, Arabic الموصل, DMG al-Mauṣil; Kurdish مووسڵ Mûsil ; Syriac-Aramaic :ܢܝܢܒ݂ܐ Nîněwâ ) is a city in northern Iraq on the right bank of the Tigris, about 350 kilometers north of Baghdad. It has approximately 2.9 million inhabitants (calculation of 2010) to Baghdad the second largest city in the country. Mosul is the capital of Ninawa Province, one of the disputed areas between the Kurdistan Region and the central government of Iraq. After Mosul's capture by the Islamic State in June 2014, she was the largest city in his hands. After the threat of a mass murder by the IS most of the Christian population left the city. In the battle for Mosul from 17 October 2016 to 9 July 2017, the city was completely reconquered by the coalition forces.
Mosul was a multiethnic and multi-religious city: Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians (also called Aramaeans and Chaldeans), Turkmens and Yazidis lived here. Since then, demography has changed in favor of the Arab population. Kurds blame the Arabization policy of Saddam Hussein, and Christian Assyrians and Chaldeans are responsible for the invasion of the Islamic State. Due to the uncertainty caused by the Iraq war in 2003, many people left the city. Christians in particular have left Mosul after targeted attacks. There is no exact statistic of the population living in the city today.