Bernstein Castle is a medieval citadel constructed in a twelfth
century. Over several centuries its was increased in size and
rebuilt several times. Bernstein Castle stands on a strategic hill
in Bernstein im Burgenland in Austria. Bernstein Castle was
constructed in 1199. Bernstein Castle changed hands several times
and experienced numerous remodeling and reconstructions to fit taste
of new owners. In the 16th century it was proved to be a formidable
citadel against sieges of Ottoman Turkish army. Turkish armies tried
to capture it in 1529 and 1532. In 1604 Bernstein Castle was again
besieged by a joint force of Ottoman Turks, Tatar allies and
Hungarian forces under leadership of Stephen Bocskay. Their attacks
were proven as futile.
In the 17th century Bernstein Castle
lost much of its strategic military importance, but it still served
as a private residence. In 1617 Ludwig Konigsberg rebuilt parts of
the citadel in a more peaceful Baroque style. Parts of the old
defenses were torn down including the keep and several towers.
Currently Bernstein Castle is owned by Eduard von Almásy with a part
of the compound turned into a hotel.