Location: Lienz, Tyrol Map
Constructed: 13th century
Burck Castle or Burg Bruck is a medieval citadel in Lienz (not to be confused with Linz) in Tyrol region in Austria.
Original human settlement on a site of Bruck Castle date back to at least 1000 BC. Archeological digs that were carried out in the 20th century discovered several axes of copper and bronze. However modern day Bruck Castle was found in the 13th century (between 1252 and 1277) as a residence for family of Meinhardiner Counts of Gorz. The last male member of the family died around 1500 childless. The estate was therefore passed to King Maximilian I, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
On August 10th, 1501 Maximilian sold Bruck Castle to Michael von Wolkenstein for 22,000 florins on "eternal possession". New owners of the castle greatly increased the size of the citadel adding new buildings. Chapel of Bruck Castle is covered by frescoes painted by Simon von Taisten.
During Napoleonic wars Bruck Castle was used as a garrison for the French troops. Between 1796 and 1797 French under leadership of General Joubert held the castle. It was the last time when Bruck Castle was used for military purposes. A year after the French soldiers left the fortress it was turned into a private inn.
Today Bruck Castle is owned by the city of Lienz. Since June 13, 1943 it is open to the public as a museum.