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Eisenstadt Cathedral (Eisenstadt)

Eisenstadt Cathedral

 

 

Adress: Pfarrgasse

 

 

 

Description of Eisenstadt Cathedral

Eisenstadt Cathedral is a late Gothic church that was constructed in 1460 on a site of older medieval building. This small Roman Catholic church was originally erected as a church that served members of the royal army that were stationed nearby. Presence of a Turkish threat from the East made Austrians aware of possible dangers of unexpected intrusion. So they constructed religious building with a military precision. The steeple of the Eisenstadt Cathedral contains small holes that could be used by defending soldiers inside. Turkish and Muslim threat from Asia was crushed only in 1683 when Turkish armies were defeated near Vienna.

 

The Cathedral of St. Martin or simply Eisenstadt Cathedral and also called St. Martin's Cathedral and St. Rupert (in German: Dom Sankt Martin und Sankt Rupert) is a Catholic cathedral in Eisenstadt, Burgenland, Austria, dedicated to St. Martin. It has been the seat of the Bishop of Eisenstadt since the creation of the diocese in 1960. The first reference to a chapel dedicated to St. Martin of Tours occurs in 1264, when Eisenstadt received its original name, in Latin: minor Martin, in German: Kleinmartinsdorf and in Hungarian: Kismarton.

From this chapel there are still remains of a Romanesque base in the current choir area. In the 13th century the chapel was enlarged with the addition of an early Gothic choir. In the 14th century a chapel was added for the laity. In 1460 the church was rebuilt under the plan of the city captain Johann Siebenhirter as a fortified or defensive church, as an attack by the Turks was expected after the fall of Constantinople in 1453.

The Gothic building was completed in 1522. After the great fire of 1589 almost 30 years passed before the reconstruction of the severely damaged church took place, between 1610 and 1629.