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Kienburg Castle (Burg Kienburg)
Description of Kienburg Castle
Castle Kienburg (derived from the old German word
"bold") is the ruin of a hilltop castle in East Tyrol on the
southern edge of the Iseltal and lies between Huben and Sankt Johann
in the woods in the village Kienburg, about halfway from Lienz to
Matrei on a rocky hill.
Castle Kienburg was first mentioned around the
year 1000. Owners were the counts of Lechsgemünd. In 1212 its
ownership was transferred to the capital Salzburg. Philipp von
Spanheim, Archbishop of Salzburg, was in conflict with Emperor
Frederick II. As he feared the invasion of his troops into the Enns
Valley, the archbishop constructed several castles. Count Meinhard
III Gorizia, who stood on the side of the Emperor, then attacked
Matrei and Virgen three times and plundered the villages. In 1252
the conflict was finally settled by the Peace of Lieserhofen,
through which the fortress Virgen went to Salzburg and Castle Matrei
had to be returned. However, the Kienburg remained controversial in
the aftermath and changed hands owners again and again.
castle Kienburg existed until 1579. Around this time, a fire
destroyed the robber baron castle, whereupon it was abandoned
uninhabitable and by the last knight (Count Christoph von Kienburg).
The area was then later Austrian territory until it became the
private property of the Wanner family in 1825 and finally became the
property of the Stocker family on 1 October 1936. At the end of the
Second World War, a bomb dropped by an American plane in 1945 fell
on the ruins of the castle, destroying its main body and the tower.
The ruin of the former castle is currently being renovated to stop