Zirl is a market town with 8110 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Innsbruck-Land district in Tyrol (Austria). The community is located in the judicial district of Telfs.

Zirl is located at the southwestern end of the Karwendel Mountains about 10 km west of Innsbruck in the Inn Valley at the southeastern foot of the Zirler Berg (1057 m). It lies on the north bank of the Inn on the alluvial cone of Ehnbach and Schloßbach.

Community structure
In addition to the main town of Zirl, the municipal area also includes the Hochzirl, which is about 300 m higher, the Martinswand, the Ehnbachklamm and part of the northern chain with the 2,637 m high Kleiner Solstein. The Zirl Bahnhof district is the only one south of the Inn. Eigenhofen and Dirschenbach are two hamlets west of the town center on the old main road.



Settlement on the Martinsbühel has been proven since the La Tène period. In the 4th / 5th In the 16th century, the Roman military station Teriolis existed here, which was expanded into a hunting lodge around 1500 under the Roman-German king and later Emperor Maximilian I. The Kaiser-Max-Grotte / Martinswandgrotte is a reminder that Maximilian I is said to have climbed up here at the end of the 15th century while hunting chamois.

Zirl was an important traffic junction on the Roman road Via Raetia to Augsburg. Here the steep ascent to the Seefelder Saddle began, the course of which can no longer be clearly explained today. The place was first mentioned on October 28, 799 as "Cyreolu" or "Cyreola" on the occasion of a transfer of ownership to the Schlehdorf Monastery.

The current ruin of the castle inquiries stone was founded before 1209 and blown up in 1703 during the War of the Spanish Succession (Bayrischer Rummel), whereupon it has fallen into ruin since then. The area around the ruin is now a nature reserve.

Since the 17th century, the community, along with Thaur, was one of the centers for the construction of Christmas cribs. Zirl had repeatedly been hit by floods and fires, most recently on June 21, 1908 in a major fire that destroyed most of the houses.

In 1826, the important Tyrolean church painter Franz Plattner was born in Zirl. He died in Innsbruck in 1887.

From 1910 to 1912 the Mittenwaldbahn was built with complex structures, of which the Martinswandtunnel, the Schloßbachviadukt, the Ehnbachklammviadukt and the Hochzirl station are located in Zirl.

A large population growth in the last decades made Zirl a residential community.

Since June 1, 1984, Zirl has had the title of market town.