Village of Počitelj played an
important role in the medieval times serving as a administrative center
of governance of Dubrava župa (county). Due to its role Bosnian King
Stjepan Tvrtko I fortified the town in 1383 against possible aggression.
In 1471 the castle along with surrounding lands fell to the relentless
Ottoman invasion. From 1782 to 1879 it was the center of a local Turkish kadiluk (Ottoman Turkish judge). After Russian army defeated the
Ottomans in 1878 much of the Balkans gained its independence.