Mostar is a town and municipality (district) in the southern part
of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the seat of the canton of
Herzegovina-Neretva, the largest settlement in Herzegovina, the
cultural and political center of Bosnian Croats. The city got its
name from one of the bridges across the river Neretva, the so-called
“Old Bridge” (in Serbian Croatian Stari most; stari = old;
most = bridge,). The small town with its medieval Ottoman complex is
one of the main tourist attractions in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The
Old Bridge is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The bridge, which was demolished during the Civil War and then rebuilt (with the help of the Hungarian Armed Forces), was inaugurated on July 23, 2004 and has since been seen again in its old form. During the South Slavic War, Mostar was the de jure capital of the Croatian Duchy of Bosnia, proclaimed by the Croatian minority but never officially recognized.
The city is still ethnically divided. Bosnians and Croats also have separate universities and football teams. The most popular sport in the city is football and sports history curiosity, that the first Bosnian ball was received in 1903 from Budapest. Mostar, which is frequented by tourists, is very hot in summer, as it is the highest temperature city in Bosnia and Herzegovina: up to 45 ° C on hot days.
Mosques & churches
The city's attractions include very beautiful mosques and churches. These include the Koski Mehmed-Pasha's mosque on the banks of the Neretva (from the minaret a perfect view of the old bridge) and the Karadoz-Bey mosque. Admission is 4 KM per mosque (as of July 2014).
Castles, chateaux and palaces
There are various Islamic residential buildings that can be visited. It is a matter of
In Mostar, one of the main attractions is the Stari Most (Old Bridge) over the emerald river Neretva. The arch bridge was built by the Turkish builder Hajrudin in 1566. It was destroyed in 1993 and reopened on July 23, 2004 after five years of reconstruction. Since July 2005 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There is a small river that flows into the Neretva; his name is Radobolja. If you know the way there, you will find the same bridge, but only smaller; it is called Kriva Cuprija (English "Aslant bridge"). The bridge was also reconstructed by UNESCO after it collapsed due to war damage after a flood in winter. Near the Old Bridge, further up on the slope of the left bank of the river, is a clock tower ("Sahat kula"). It can only be viewed from the outside.
Partizansko groblje. The partisan cemetery.
Museum or cultural center, at the well-known Rondo (roundabout).
Museum of Herzegovina, on the clock tower.
In the tower on the right bank of the old bridge there is an exhibition with war photos.
Museum of the Old Bridge, in the tower on the left bank of the Old Bridge.
Streets and squares
There are many restaurants in Cernica, the center of town. There is a large white park on top of the Musala.
Every stroll along the rivers resembles dreamy parks, especially on the outskirts, where the Neretva is still quiet.
On Mount Fortica it says "BiH volimo te" ("BiH (Bosnia and Herzegovina) we love you"). It used to be written there, "Tito volimo te". It can be clearly seen and it was written from stones.
The city of Mostar has an international but not very busy airport (IATA code: OMO), which is a good 7 km south of the city center. This is only served seasonally by charter flights, although (as of May 2017) there are no direct flights from German-speaking countries. The most important airlines represented here are Croatia Airlines and the Italian Mistral Air.
Alternatively, you can use the larger Sarajevo Airport, which is approx. 125 kilometers by road from Mostar. From there you can take a taxi to the Sarajevo bus station (around € 10 with the city taxi). You should inform the taxi driver before departure that you want to continue to Mostar, as there are several bus stations in Sarajevo. Beware of private taxis. They are mostly painted in one color, with or without a taxi sign. These private ones are usually also in front of the airport at the normal taxi rank and are usually twice as expensive.
There is also the possibility of arriving via Split Airport, which is 170 km away. There are several daily bus connections from Split to Mostar. Before doing this, you have to take a bus or taxi from the airport to the bus station in the city center. Dubrovnik Airport is a little closer to Mostar (155 km), but the bus connection is less convenient and the journey takes longer.
Mostar is located on the scenic railway line between Sarajevo and Ploče on the Croatian Adriatic. The drive from Sarajevo normally takes around three hours. Passenger traffic from Croatia is suspended until further notice (as of 2019).
From Germany there are buses from Berlin, Hamburg, Hanover, Hildesheim, Göttingen, Kassel, Würzburg, Munich, Ulm, Stuttgart, Nuremberg, Ingolstadt, Karlsruhe, Pforzheim, Mannheim, Offenburg, Frankfurt am Main, Freiburg, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Bonn, Dortmund, Bochum, Essen and Duisburg. The long-distance bus station is in close proximity to Mostar station.
From here there are several daily bus connections to Sarajevo and other cities in Bosnia-Herzegovina and neighboring countries. It consists i.a. also a daily connection at 7:00 am to Kotor (in Montenegro). The journey time is 6 hours, leads via Dubrovnik and costs 67.50 KM (as of July 2014).
There are also inner-city bus routes. A ride in the city center costs 1.50 KM.
In the street
Mostar can be reached relatively easily by car. However, the city is surrounded by a mountain range, which can make the journey difficult depending on the direction. The main roads are in good condition. The fastest way to get there from German-speaking countries is via the Croatian A1 motorway via Split; at Metković you cross the border and reach Mostar after 70 km via the M-17 from the south. The journey via Slavonia and Banja Luka – Jajce – Jablanica is significantly shorter in kilometers and the landscape is much more interesting (especially from Eastern Austria via Western Hungary), but it is slower to drive.