Sarajevo (Bos. Sarajevo, Turkish Saraybosna) is the capital and seat of government of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and is located in southern Europe.
Sarajevo has some sights, e.g. old mosques or churches. Sarajevo
has the oldest preserved (renovated) mosque in the country (Serbia,
BiH, Croatia etc.) It is worth a visit! Also for non-Muslims!
There are several churches worth seeing in the old town.
After Prague, Sarajevo has the largest Jewish cemetery in Europe. The oldest tombstone is from the 17th century. The site is on a steep slope and can hardly be visited by disabled people.
Castles, chateaux and palaces
"Yellow Fortress" In the vicinity of the old town there is the small castle "Yellow Fortress". From here you have a wonderful view in all directions of Sarajevo. There are two old city gates with a connecting wall nearby. In one of the gates is the Museum for Ilije Izetbegovic.
The 30 meter high clock tower is located in the old town. The building can only be viewed from the outside. Within walking distance, on a square, is Sebilj, a popular postcard motif, a fountain from the Ottoman era.
The buildings of the university and especially the main post office on the riverside are worth seeing. The main post office is not very impressive from the outside, but has a large, glass-covered and elegantly furnished counter hall.
The old market hall, called Markale, is still in operation today. During the Bosnian War in the 1990s, numerous people were violently killed here. A memorial plaque nearby reminds of this.
The former National Gallery has been converted into a memorial. A visit is definitely worthwhile.
Tunnel Museum ("Tunnel of Hope"). The tunnel museum is worth a visit. It is a little hidden near the airport in the district of Butmir. You can see and walk a (very) short piece of the tunnel, which was the only (secret) land connection to the outside world during the siege of Sarajevo in the Bosnian War. In a former home there is a small, well-equipped museum with numerous objects and photos. Visitors are shown a short film which, without extensive explanations, shows very impressively and oppressively the events of the war in the city and the tunnel construction and its use. Note for physically disabled people: the museum and tunnel are not barrier-free
Historical Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Zmaja od Bosne 5. Tel .: +387 (0) 33 226 098. The Historical Museum is also well worth a visit. It is located opposite the American embassy and the Holiday Inn hotel, which was very famous from the war days. In a dilapidated building, different periods of the country's history are presented in two sections. One section contains numerous objects, documents and photos from Sarajevo at the time of the Bosnian War in the 1990s. The exhibition wants to largely dispense with a historical classification, but presents everyday life and war events very tangible and impressive from the point of view of ordinary people. The second section deals with the older history of the country up to World War II. There is also a photo exhibition with images of war, which in turn clearly focuses on individual people.
Museum of contemporary Art Sarajevo (Ars Aevi), Terezija bb. Tel .: +387 (0) 33 216 927. This museum shows exhibits by well-known international artists with its exhibition Ars Aevi. It is located in a building that belongs to the Olympic sports complex "Skenderija". The idea for the collection was born during the siege in the Bosnian War and can rely on broad support, among others refer to UNESCO. The exhibition is still under construction, but can already present works by over 100 well-known artists, including Beuys, Tony Cragg and others. A new museum building elsewhere was designed by Renzo Piano, but not yet started.
Jewish Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This museum is located in the old synagogue. The relatively small but impressive exhibition is worth seeing. It is dedicated to religious objects, the Jewish history of Sarajevo and the persecution during the Second World War.
Museum of Ilije Izetbegovic. This small museum for Ilije Izetbegovic is located in an old city gate near the Yellow Fortress, whose tomb is located in a cemetery a little downhill.
Museum of War Childhood (Muzej ratnog djetinjstva), 30-32,
Logavina, Sarajevo, 71000. Tel .: +387 (0) 33 535 558.
Streets and squares
Latin bridge (Latinska ćuprija) (Latinska ćuprija). The Latin Bridge is widely known for the fact that the Austro-Hungarian heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were killed on June 28, 1914. The attack is considered to be one of the triggers of the First World War. The architecture of the bridge is worth a look, and there is a museum next door that commemorates the attack.
As far as travel planning allows, you should go to a viewing platform above the city at sunset.
The city has an international airport that was renovated in 2001. From the German-speaking area there are (as of summer 2017) direct flights with Austrian Airlines from Vienna (twice a day), with Lufthansa from Munich (daily), with Eurowings from Cologne / Bonn (three times a week) and Stuttgart (Saturdays) and with Swiss Zurich.
In the winter months, flights to and from Sarajevo are occasionally canceled due to dense ground fog.
From the airport taxis go 15 KM to the old town. It is a bit cheaper to go out of the airport area to the main street and stop a taxi there (the fare is around 10-15 euros). Getting there and back is difficult with public transport.
For several years there has been a train connection between the Croatian capital Zagreb and Sarajevo. It runs through Banja Luka. A very nice connection is from Ploče on the Croatian Adriatic coast via Mostar to Sarajevo. It begins in the Neretva Delta and runs through beautiful mountain landscapes to Sarajevo. Every morning at 6.30 a.m. there is a train from Mostar to Sarajevo, very nice route.
In the main season (summer) buses run daily from many European cities to Sarajevo, e.g. from Dortmund, Vienna, Zurich ... and much more (for Germany see also Touring.de.) Furthermore, Sarajevo can of course be reached easily from Serbia and Croatia.
Hot tip: flight with WizzAir to Tuzla! From there, take a taxi for € 4 to Zivinice (Zivinice Bus Station). There are hourly coaches to Sarajevo for 15 KM (as of June 2018). This way you save yourself the unspeakable Tuzla.
In the street
From the southwest, Sarajevo can be reached via the E73 European road, which branches off the E65 at Ploče in Croatia and leads to Sarajevo via Mostar. From the north you can also get to Sarajevo via the E73 via Zenica or the E661 via Banja-Luka. The latter two roads also come from Croatia. The E761 extends east towards Serbia via Višegrad.
Around the city
There is a well-developed network of trams, buses and electric
buses in the city, operated by KJKP GRAS dd.A single ticket costs
1.80 KM (~ 0.9 €) from the driver and 1.60 KM (~ 0 , 8 €). There are
also multi-trip tickets at the kiosk for 2 (3.00 KM ~ 1.5 €), 5
(7.10 KM ~ 3.5 €) and 10 (12.80 KM ~ 5 €) trips (price list in
Bosnian from January 10, 2011, accessed October 2013).
The tram in Sarajeo has its pitfalls. It is very difficult for foreigners to see how the system works. It is not uncommon for unintentional dodgers to get caught. It's teeming with controllers. There are no ticket machines. Tickets can be bought at kiosk-like stands and then paid for in the 1st wagon. Make sure that the magnetic stripe card is completely withdrawn from the machine (images and descriptions of the validation process in Bosnian).
Downtown can be explored on foot, but the outskirts are on a steep mountain slope.
Everywhere in the city center you will find taxis waiting for passengers.