Zenica is the capital and seat of government of the Zenica-Doboj
Canton. With around 130,000 inhabitants, Zenica is the second
largest city in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the
third largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Zenica is in the heart of Bosnia-Herzegovina on both sides of the Bosna River. Zenica's city center is located in one of the largest and most beautiful valleys in the central part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, surrounded by mountains up to 1,300 meters high and extensive forests.
Zenica, with its large steel mill, is not only the industrial heart of Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is also one of the richest cultural and archaeological sites in the country. In the Middle Ages, during the existence of the old Principality of Bosnia, Zenica was one of the centers of the country, located at a strategically important river crossing over the Bosna.
Even today it is one of the most interesting and culturally diverse Bosnian cities. There are a variety of tourist attractions such as the old town core with its old mosques in the center of the town (called ćarsija), the town museum, the theater and the traditional holiday and picnic places like Babina Rijeka, Bistričak and Smetovi.
Above all, the proximity of the summer and winter attractions on the surrounding mountains and lakes, as well as crystal clear rivers, make Zenica an attractive place to visit and live. Tourists can find good accommodation here with traditional Bosnian cuisine based on smoked meat, beans, roasted lamb and veal.
There are a lot of high-rise buildings in Zenica. Some of these houses are over 50 years old and not particularly beautiful. But some are architecturally very interesting, such as the 28-storey so-called Lamela. The overall picture shapes the expression of the small metropolis. The inhabitants love their city and its houses. Building land is relatively expensive in Zenica. The price for building land per square meter in the city, depending on the quality of the location, is on average 2,160 KM (1,080.00 euros).
The nearest airport is in Sarajevo (IATA code: SJJ, 70 km from Zenica). The transfer time is 60 minutes. A Lufthansa scheduled plane flies from Munich to Sarajevo every day. Austrian Airlines flies to Sarajevo twice a day from Vienna.
From Zenica train station, trains go to:
North-west route: Sarajevo - Zenica - Doboj - Banja Luka - Zagreb or Sarajevo - Zenica - Doboj - Banja Luka - Bihać - Split (in Croatia) (The drive from Zenica to Zagreb takes about nine hours)
North-east route: Sarajevo - Zenica - Doboj - Tuzla or Sarajevo - Zenica - Doboj - Vinkovci (in Croatia) - Belgrade (in Serbia)
South route: Zenica - Sarajevo - Konjic - Mostar - Ploče (in Croatia)
The last route goes through the Neretva Gorge and the trip is particularly interesting because of the picturesque landscape. On these routes the trains do not run as often and as fast as the buses, but the introduction of the express train to the Adriatic is expected in the near future.
Currently the train runs from Sarajevo to Zagreb and back once a day. There are several connections a day to Sarajevo. More information can be found on the Deutsche Bahn website.
There are daily buses from many European cities to the Zenica bus station on the station forecourt from Hamburg, Berlin, Stuttgart, Munich, Frankfurt am Main, Cologne, Dortmund, Vienna, Zurich and many more. (for Germany see also Touring.de). Furthermore, Zenica can of course be reached easily from Serbia and Croatia.
By car, the route leads from Germany via Austria, Slovenia and Croatia to Bosnia-Herzegovina. There are toll sections in all transit countries. The road conditions are relatively good up to Bosnia-Herzegovina. In Bosnia-Herzegovina you drive on the E73 (according to Bosnian counting the M17), a small, busy and heavily damaged road through the mountains. Most of the time the road runs along a small river. Since the road was blasted into the rock in many places, falling rocks and small mudslides are the order of the day, so driving in the dark is not recommended. The speed is limited to 40 km / h for long sections. There are petrol stations with parking spaces for a rest, the operators are usually very friendly and helpful. From the south (Sarajevo) the new toll motorway A1 extends to shortly before Zenica. The continuation to the north is under construction in the Zenica area in 2019, the further route to the north is being planned.
Unfortunately there is still a risk of mines away from the tarred roads. The green insurance card is mandatory for entering the country by car. Furthermore, it is advisable to take out additional insurance, as the Bosnian liability insurances for other road users do not necessarily have a sufficiently high coverage.
It is not possible to travel by ship.
Around the city
There is a well-developed network of buses in the city. A ticket
costs around 1 KM (50 cents).
It is very difficult for foreigners to see how the system works. It is not uncommon for unintentional dodgers to get caught. It's teeming with controllers. There are no ticket machines. In the bus you get in the back and buy your ticket from the conductor sitting there. If there is no conductor, tickets can be bought and paid for from the driver.
A taxi ride is also very cheap. It should be ensured that the taximeter is switched on.
The city center can easily be explored on foot.