Constructed: 1249- 1254 by Philippe bishop
Entrance Fee: 15 KN
Open: 11am- 7pm Tue- Sun
History of Medvedgrad Castle
The story of Medvedgrad Fortress starts
in the 13th century. Mongol hordes invaded Eastern
Europe and eventually managed to penetrate as far at the shores of the Adriatic
Sea in 1242. Their advance was too sudden and too unexpected for
the comfort of the European monarchs and common people alike.
Conventional European tactics and technology failed to achieve
much success on the battlefield. Zagreb was quickly captured and
torched to the ground.
The bishop of Zagreb Philippe decided
to construct a safe haven for his own precious life and his
possessions. In 1249- 1254 these plans came to reality in form
of Medvedgrad Castle on top of Mount Medvenica. Unlike other
castles in the region, Medvedgrad was owned by a member of the
Catholic Church Phillip Turie, bishop of Zagreb. Since no one knew if Mongol hordes were coming
back any time soon the castle was erected to last for centuries.
Medvedgrad became an important protected residence of notable
bishops and nobility. Croatian/ Hungarian poet Janus Pannonius (Ivan
Cesmicki) is said to have died and buried here on March 27, 1472.
Medvegrad castle was acquired by the Gregorijanec
family in 1562. They undertook massive reconstruction project at the
towers and walls of their new residence. Unfortunately military fortifications were
badly damaged by an
earthquake in 1590. Medvedgrad citadel lay in ruins for
four centuries until it was reconstructed in the 20th century.
Today part of Medvedgrad fortress have been restored.
You can get to Medvedgrad by taking a rental car or taking a bus 102
from Britanski Trg and follow a well marked hiking trail (number 12)
from Lagvic to Medvedgrad. Small Roman Catholic chapel of Phillip
and James was erected to honor soldiers that were killed for
Croatia's independence. Additionally it houses a museum dedicated to
Medvedgrad history and a restaurant. You can also climb the main
tower of the castle. It offers a great view of the surrounding
mountains. On a clear day you can see as far as Croatia's capital of