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Location: Istra peninsula
Description of Rovinj
Rovinj is a small town 30 km north of Pula and is
situated on the shore of the Adriatic sea. Although technically a
Croatian town for most of its history this was an Italian city. To
this day Italian is spoken even by the Croats who live in Rovinj.
Most of the old quarter is inaccessible to cars since streets are
too narrow. This only adds to the charm of this pleasant town.
Rovinj has many hotels and small restaurant with incredible pizza
calzone that is the best you will ever taste. In the centre of the
city stands church of Saint Euphemia from the 18th century. Her
statue on the bell tower holds a ship wheel. Sailors and fisherman
came here to pray for divine protection and names of those who did
not return are engraved on some of the stones around the courtyard.
It was the only consolation for families who did not receive the
body from a sea. Other interesting buildings include Chapel of Holy
Trinity (13th century) and Rovinj Town Hall build in Baroque style
In the west and southwest, the city is surrounded
by the Adriatic Sea, in the north of the Limski Canal. Originally
Rovinj was a separate island, which was only in 1763 connected to
the mainland. To the east lies the suburb of Rovinjsko Selo and
about 25 kilometers further to the town of Kanfanar. In the
southeast is the suburb Kokuletovica and about nine kilometers
further the community Bale.
About one kilometer south of the
old town of Rovinj is Zlatni rt (Golden Cape), another peninsula
rising into the sea. On more than 70 hectares, a more than
100-year-old park, now under conservation, stretches out here.
Rovinj and its bays are surrounded by 22 smaller and larger islands.
The largest of these islands, the Sveta Katarina, is within sight of
the peninsula of the old town. Still further south behind Zlatni rt
lies Sveta Andrija. A dam connects the island with the smaller
neighboring island of Maskin.
can take a boat from the center harbor to the islands nearby. They are
different and fit different personalities. The closest is Katherine
island that is located just near Rovinj. Snorkeling and diving is quiet
popular here. Crveni Otok (Red island) is home to a beautiful Franciscan
monastery from the 18th century.
Rovinj City Museum is located in the city hall, decorated with the
Venetian loggia. It houses artifacts from the Ancient Roman
times and Middle Ages. The museum also has a collection of
paintings and sculptures from the 15th- 19th century.
Rock Climbing near Rovinj
This climbing area is half an hour of walking distance from the center
of the city. You can get to Park Hotel and ask for further directions.
It is not far from this Hotel. Other places are accessible by car that
you can rent or take a taxi. Limski Canal and Dvigrad are one of the more popular
places for climbing.
Hotels in Rovinj Area
1. Hotel Rovinj
2. Hotel and
3. Hotel Eden
4. Monte Mulini
6. Hotel Montauro
7. Hotel Adriatic
8. Apartments and bungalows Villas Rubin
*Villa Baron Gautsch- not far from Hotel
park. It is clean, cheap with friendly personnel. It costs 20 to 27 Euro
per day. Their phone number is +385- 52- 840537
History of Rovinj
The Romans gave in the 2nd century the insignificant island place
the name Ruginium. The name Rovigno dates from the 7th century,
after 1945 it was renamed under Yugoslav rule in Rovinj, as the city
is now called in Croatian. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the
island fell as Castrum Rubini between 539 and 788 under the rule of
Byzantium, briefly interrupted by the Lombard episode 753 to 774.
From 788 the city came under the rule of the Franks. In the 9th
century, the city was repeatedly exposed to the attacks of pirates,
so that the defensive walls were increased. However, this could not
prevent Rovinj 876 burned down. From the 10th to the 12th century,
the city was self-governing owned by various noble families.
Belonging to Venice from 1283, Rovinj enjoyed a long flowering
period, despite the raids and devastation of the Genoese (1379) and
the Uskoks (1559 and 1599).
After the collapse of the
Republic of Venice (1797) and the founding of the Kingdom of Italy
in 1805, the town, like the entire Istrian coast, fell under the
influence of Napoleon. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815 Rovigno was
placed under Austrian rule with the addition of the Illyria region
to the Habsburgs. In the Empire of Austria, the city was initially
part of the Kingdom of Illyria and from 1849 the crownland Austrian
coastal land. In 1900, the city of Rovigno had 10,302 inhabitants.
Of these were 9,716 Italians, 201 Germans and 41 Serbokroaten. After
the collapse of Austria-Hungary in the First World War, Rovigno fell
to Italy with Istria. After the Second World War, the now called
Rovinj city came to Yugoslavia, namely the Republic of Croatia,
which has been independent since 1991.
The varied history has
strongly influenced the cityscape of Rovinj. Built on a hill
overlooking the sea, with its winding streets and Romanesque-Gothic
cityscape, it has many Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical