Delnice is a city in Croatia. They are located in the area of Gorski kotar, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County. The area of the City of Delnice is 230 km2. The population density is 27.22 inhabitants per km2.
Formation of Shares
Due to impassability and forest cover, the settlement of Gorski Kotar began only at the end of the 13th and the beginning of the 14th century. Important economic events were recorded only in the 15th century. The names of Delnice, Brod na Kupi and some other nearby settlements were first mentioned in 1481 in a document by which the Parliament in Zagreb ordered Prince Stjepan Frankopan and his son not to collect any taxes on their estates in the Gorski Kotar region.
According to some sources, the settlement originated in the area of today's Lučice (first mentioned in a document from 1639) and was entirely Chakavian, while other sources indicate the origin of Delnički potok - today a tourist resort just outside the city.
The shares were under the rule of the Frankopan family, and by hereditary contract, in 1544, they became the property of the Zrinskis. The area was devastated and displaced during the Turkish destruction, and the resettlement began in the 17th century when the Zrinski family brought the population (using the Kajkavian expression) from their Pokuplje estates: Čabra, Brod and Gerova. New Delnice was created on a somewhat lower site, managed by Petar Zrinski from 1649 to 1670, and together with his brother Nikola he brought to an end organized traffic and trade, and thus progress. A Catholic parish was also founded.
In the Middle Ages, Delnice was part of the Modruška parish. In the 16th century, they were deserted due to the penetration of the Turks and development stopped until the construction of the roads Karolina (18th century) and Louisiana (19th century) and the railway Karlovac - Rijeka.
Although Karolina did not pass through the settlement itself, she brought the first traffic route to this area. At the beginning of the 19th century, the construction of the Louisiana Road began, which passes through the place and creates conditions for the development of the economy. New houses are being built along the road and the center of the town is being formed. The wood industry, agriculture, animal husbandry and small business are developing. The development was mostly contributed by renting (transporting goods by carriage from the interior to the sea and vice versa) by which corn, wheat and wood were sold in the Littoral and exchanged for salt, fish and fruit. This prompted the opening of inns and lodgings. Road traffic is declining only with the construction of the railway Karlovac - Rijeka, which thus becomes the carrier of further development.
The railway was built from 1869 to 1873, and was put into operation in 1875. Immediately after launch, it takes precedence in transportation because costs are lower, transportation cheaper, and travel faster and safer. The railway, in addition to the decline in road traffic, initially led to the emigration of the population to later contribute to the creation of many new jobs and the possibility of the return of emigrants.
On July 21, 1921, in Delnice, Alija Alijagić, a member of the left-wing terrorist organization Red Justice, assassinated Milorad Drašković, the Minister of the Interior of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. The reason for the assassination was the adoption of the so-called Obzna in 1920, by which the government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes banned the work of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, that is, significantly reduced the scope of civil liberties in the monarchy. The assassins voluntarily surrendered to the authorities, using the court process to affirm their political work. Alija Alijagić was sentenced to death, and the other assassin, Rodoljub Čolaković, was sentenced to many years in prison.
During World War II, in April 1941, Delnice was occupied by Italian troops. Preparations for the uprising soon began in the city, and the population joined the partisans. Fierce battles were fought around the city between the partisans and the Italians, and later the Germans. The partisans finally captured the city on July 13, 1944.
During the Homeland War, there was a large JNA weapons depot in Delnice, which was occupied by Croatian police in the second half of 1991 - one of the few in the area.