Pazin (Italian: Pisino, German: Mitterburg) is a town in central Istria above the karst abyss of the Cave (Pazinska jama), into which Pazinčica sinks. It is the center of economic, cultural, educational, sports and entertainment life of central Istria. Since 1992, it has been the administrative seat of the County of Istria (assembly, professional services and some administrative departments), and is the largest city in the county.



The town of Pazin was first mentioned in 983 as the so-called Pazin Fortress (lat. Castrum Pisinum). Since the 12th century, Pazin has been the center of the Pazin principality, over which the Habsburgs took power in 1374. In 1822, Austria made Pazin the administrative center of the Istrian district.

The Pazin region was predominantly Croatian in the 19th century, but power was held by Italians and Italians. Croats were mostly farmers and colonists, and Italians and Italians were among merchants, landowners and various members of the liberal professions. The columns in Pazin were in a worse position than other columns from the peninsula, because it was mostly the case that they had neither a house nor land. Of the 4,400 landowners, seven from the Italian-Italian ranks had real power. The estates were often sold, and the lands were especially bought by immigrants from Friuli.

The last decades of the 19th century raised the importance of the town of Pazin, which is why the Croatian, Italian and Italian movements moved their center to that town. This was due to the fact that all parties understood that whoever won in the central part of Istria, which was mostly inhabited by Croats, would very likely win in the whole province. Therefore, they focused their political and economic resources towards Pazin, so the authorities themselves in the 1880s intended to move the seat of the Istrian Parliament from Poreč there. Circumstances were such that the Margraviate of Istria was extremely illiterate, with the exception of Krk and the Kastav region, all as a consequence of the previous Italian-Italian policy. Thus, illiterate areas could not even provide quality staff to lead the national revival, so revivalists were sent from the more literate parts of the Margraviate, from the Kastav region and from Krk. The fight was very difficult - for example, Pazin Mayor Ante Dukić from the Kastav region died of exhaustion. He was replaced by doctor of law Dinko Trinajstić, who met the conditions for the candidate: extremely strong health and above-average physical strength. Trinajstić ruled energetically, interrupting the practice of humble appearances in front of the Greens (credit-speculative network), and they were mostly from the Italian-Italian government that had ruled until then. In that direction, branches of the populist Istrian loan office were established in order to destroy the work of the Greens. Thus, the Greens and the Italians could no longer manipulate the poor Pazin farmers, mostly Croats, during the dry years. The Croatian writer Vladimir Nazor, who served in the Pazin grammar school in those years, described the town of Pazin from the time of Trinajstić's leadership of Pazin as "the heart of the heart of Istria". Trinajstić led the municipality so well that he attracted to his side those who had been indecisive or dependent until then. Having created such a majority, the chief who came after him, Šime Kurelić from Pićan, had such a large base that he was mayor for two decades until Italy occupied the area in 1918 and imprisoned Kurelić.

Thus, in the second half of the 19th century, Pazin became one of the centers of the Croatian cultural revival, and the Reading Room, the Croatian Gymnasium and the Narodni dom were founded. All these institutions were abolished when, after the First World War, Pazin was occupied in 1918 and then annexed by Italy. Nevertheless, the revival work bore fruit. The effects of Italianization have been greatly neutralized and reversed. Immigrant Italians and Italians, after decades of refusing to understand historical reality, understood the real circumstances; dehumanization and Italianization weakened over time, and from 1880 to 1910 the number of people who officially declared themselves as Italians almost halved.

During the Second World War, after Italy capitulated, Pazin was occupied by Istrian partisans in September 1943. In that city, the Provincial NOC for Istria made a decision uniting Istria with the motherland of Croatia. This decision was confirmed in 1947 by the Paris Peace Treaty.

After Croatia became independent in 1991, Pazin, although lagging behind Pula in economic strength, was designated as the seat of the Istrian County, mainly for historical reasons.