Vodnjan

 

 

Vodnjan is a town in Istria, Croatia, about ten kilometers north of Pula. In the church of St. Blaž has a world-famous collection of relics in Vodnjan as well as the Vodnjan mummies of saints.

 

Vodnjan is located in southwestern Istria, 10 kilometers north of Pula and 5 kilometers from the seaside town of Fažana.

The city is located on the road connecting Pula with Rijeka, Trieste and the Slovenian coast.

The city, like the rest of Croatian Istria, is multinational and traditionally very tolerant of different cultures. There are two official languages ​​in Vodnjan district, Italian is equal in rights with Croatian. According to the 2001 census, 56% of the city's population were Croats, 20% Italians, 3.5% Roma, and 3% Serbs and Bosnians each.

Vodnjan is one of two Istrian cities (along with Rovinj) where speakers of the endangered Istro-Romanesque or Istriotic language, which was once spoken in almost the entire south-west of the peninsula, are still alive. The dialect of the Romanesque language, common in Vodnjan, is called Dignan after the Italian name of the city. The self-name of the Istriotic language in Vodnjan is Bumbaro.

Tourism generates most of the city's income. In addition to tourist services, the population is employed in agriculture (viticulture and olive growing) and food processing.

History
In Roman times, the settlement of Vicus Attinianum was located on the site of Vodnian. The first written mention of Vodnjan dates back to 932, it is mentioned in the list of Istrian cities that paid tribute with wine to the Venetian doge Pietro II Candiano.

During the medieval period, the Old Town was formed with architecture and layout typical of Istria.

 

Destinations

It is necessary to state what makes Vodnjan stand out, and that is the collection of relics in Vodnjan as well as the mummies of saints in Vodnjan. They are located behind the main altar - in the sacristy. Scientists consider them a miracle because they have been intact and undecomposed for centuries even though they have not been hermetically treated.

Another well-known feature is the Vodnjan bell tower, which is the highest in Istria (60 m). In Vodnjan are the churches of St. Blaise, st. Our Lady of Carmine, St. Martin, st. Of the Cross, st. Our Lady of the Traverse, St. Catherine, St. Roka, st. Sunday and St. Margaret. The surroundings of Vodnjan are rich in sights.