Pont du Gard

Pont du Gard

Pond du Gard is a Roman aqueduct and a bridge that was constructed in 19 BC on the orders of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (in position of aedile), the son- in- law of Emperor Octavian Augustus to deliver water to Ancient Roman city of Nemausus known today as Nîmes.


Location: Northeast of Nîmes

Height: 49 m (160 ft)

Constructed: 1 AD


Description of Pond du Gard

In the Roman times the city numbered at approximately 20,000 inhabitants that desperately need a source of clean water. A water system was constructed that linked a Fontaine d'Eure spring neat Uzes to a city some 50 km away. Much of the aqueduct was hidden underground to keep protect water from elements, however here a massive structure was necessary to keep an angle for flow. Aqueduct measures 275 meters (900 feet) long and 49 meters (160 feet) above river Gard.


Since Romans didn't have any pumps or machines we use today a mere gravity was responsible for the water flow to a city. Pond du Gard carries a gradient of 0.4 percent to achieve that. The original water source is still in use today, however a modern water pumping station is installed there. During medieval times it lost its primary use as a water delivery and became used as a bridge. Stones that seem to stick out aqueduct surface actually were intended to provide footage for the workers who could climb and clean the water passages.