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Le Bourget

 

Le Bourget is a French commune located in the department of Seine-Saint-Denis in the Île-de-France region. A small village before industrialization, Le Bourget experienced some battles during the Franco-German war of 1870. Nevertheless, the town is best known for hosting the Paris-Le Bourget airport, which is open to national and international commercial traffic. regular and private planes. Opened in 1919, it was the first civil airport in Paris and remained the only one until the construction of Orly airport. The history of the city is also strongly linked to aeronautics. Le Bourget also houses the Air and Space Museum and hosts the Paris-Le Bourget international aeronautics and space show every two years.

 

History

Prehistory and Antiquity
In the Gallo-Roman era, a busy path was located near the current site of Le Bourget. It is therefore quite natural that men settle on the current territory of the municipality.

Middle Ages
The first mention of the place dates from 1134, when Louis VI ceded the land of Bourget to the abbey of Montmartre. Le Bourget was then an agricultural village linked to Paris by the Route des Flandres, a former Roman road.

In the eleventh century, the old hamlet of Burgellum had a leper colony. Le Bourget also housed taverns on the Flanders route from the eleventh century, and a post house created in the fifteenth century. Horses rented at the level of the current avenue Jean-Jaurès, reinforced the teams of the carts going up the rue de Flandre until beyond the Saint-Nicolas church.

Modern times
In 1573, the nuns of Montmartre exchanged 60 pounds of annuity to be taken on the Bourget with Antoine de Brolly, lord of Ménil.

From the end of the 16th century, the seigneury of Bourget was most often grouped together with that of Blanc-Mesnil. In 1580, Nicolas Potier was thus Lord of Bourget, as was René Potier, one of his descendants, who bore the title of Lord of Blanc-Mesnil and Bourget in 1646-1680. Until 1700, the village was in fact under the obedience of the lords of Blanc-Mesnil, but on the death of Mademoiselle de Blanc-Mesnil, the last heiress, Bourget decided to gain administrative autonomy. and to separate from the guardianship of the parish of Dugny.