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Carcassonne

 

Carcassonne Listen is a French commune, prefecture of the Aude department in the Occitanie region. At the last census of 2017, the town had 46,031 inhabitants called Carcassonnais. Carcassonne is the main city of Carcassonne Agglo 111,452 inhabitants (2016), of the urban area of Carcassonne 99,448 inhabitants (2017) and of its urban unit which has 48,633 inhabitants (2017).

Occupied since the Neolithic era, Carcassonne is located in the Aude plain between two major traffic axes connecting the Atlantic to the Mediterranean Sea and the Massif Central to the Pyrenees.

The city is known for the Cité de Carcassonne, a medieval architectural ensemble restored by Viollet-le-Duc in the 19th century and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.

 

Description

The City of Carcassonne
The Cité de Carcassonne is a medieval architectural ensemble that is located in the French city of Carcassonne in the department of Aude, region of Occitanie. It is located on the right bank of the Aude, south-east of the current city. This fortified medieval city, whose origins date back to the Gallo-Roman period, owes its fame to its double enclosure, reaching nearly 3 km in length and comprising fifty-two towers1, which dominates the Aude valley. The city also includes a castle (the Count's castle) and a basilica (the Saint-Nazaire basilica).

Saved from destruction by the action and tenacity of archaeologist Jean-Pierre Cros-Mayrevieille, then restored in the nineteenth century in a sometimes controversial way under the direction of Viollet-le-Duc and then of Boeswillwald, the City of Carcassonne is, since 1997, listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The count's castle, the fortifications, and the towers belong to the State and are managed by the Center des monuments nationaux, while the lists and the rest of the City are part of the municipal domain.

 

Location
Situation
The City of Carcassonne is located on the right bank of the Aude, overlooking the city of Carcassonne located to the west. It is located between the Black Mountain and the Pyrenees on the axis of communication going from the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The presence of the two mountains forms the Carcassonne corridor often cited when climatologists speak of the wind blowing in this corridor.

This location is therefore a strategic location in the south of France making it possible to monitor this major communication axis: to the North towards the Montagne Noire, to the South towards the Corbières, to the West towards the Lauragais plain and to the East the plain. wine to the Mediterranean.

Site
La Cité is built at the end of a small plateau formed by the digging of the Aude at about 150 meters above sea level above the lower town. The first enclosure built by the Visigoths follows the depressions of the land. This plateau stands out from the Corbières massif in the town of Palaja at an altitude of 260 m, passes through the Cité at 148 m and ends its course in the Aude at 100 m. On the west side, the slope is quite steep offering difficult access to potential attackers. To the east, the slope is gentler and allows easy access for goods, but also for attackers. Also, the most important defense mechanisms are on this side of the City.