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Saint-Denis

 

Saint-Denis is a French commune bordering Paris, located north of the capital, in the department of Seine-Saint-Denis, of which it is a sub-prefecture, in the Île-de-France region. It is the most populous in the department, ahead of Montreuil, and the 3rd in Île-de-France after Paris and Boulogne-Billancourt in Hauts-de-Seine (92).

 

Geography
The altitude of Saint-Denis is approximately 32 meters. Its surface is 12.36 km2. The latitude and longitude are 48.931 degrees North and 2.356 degrees East.

Location
Saint-Denis is a town in the inner northern suburbs of Paris, which it borders on, the capital of an arrondissement in the Seine-Saint-Denis (93) department since 1993. It was once a sub-prefecture of the department of the Seine. The law of July 10, 1964 redistributed the former departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oise, which means that the town now belongs to Seine-Saint-Denis after an effective administrative transfer on January 1, 1968.

Saint-Denis borders the cities of Paris, Saint-Ouen-sur-Seine, Île-Saint-Denis, Épinay-sur-Seine, Villetaneuse, Pierrefitte-sur-Seine, Stains, La Courneuve and Aubervilliers. It is located in the Plaine de France. The southern part of the town, located between the Saint-Denis canal and Paris constitutes the Plaine Saint-Denis, which also extends over Aubervilliers and Saint-Ouen-sur-Seine.

 

Communication routes and transport
Transport infrastructure
The city is served by the A1 motorways (which connects it to Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle and Le Bourget airports) and A86, as well as by the Paris ring road. It is crossed by national roads 1, 14 and 186. The North motorway, built in the early 1960s, connects with the Porte de la Chapelle via avenue Wilson. Opened to traffic on December 17, 1965, this road divides the Plaine district in two until it was buried when the Stade de France was built.

The Seine forms the western limit of the town, and the Saint-Denis canal separates the historic center of the city from the Plaine Saint-Denis. The river port has lost all importance, but the canal still includes port activities in Saint-Denis, generally linked to concrete silos.

Public transport
The city is served by the following railway, metro and tram lines, as well as numerous bus lines:

(T) (1) : Cosmonautes, Hôpital Delafontaine, Cimetière de Saint-Denis, Basilique de Saint-Denis, Marché de Saint-Denis, Théâtre Gérard-Philipe, Gare de Saint-Denis
(T) (5) : Marché de Saint-Denis, Baudelaire, Roger Sémat, Guynemer
(T) (8) : Saint-Denis - Porte de Paris, Pierre de Geyter, Saint-Denis - Gare, Paul Éluard, Delaunay-Belleville
(M) (12) : Front Populaire
(M) (13) : Saint-Denis Université, Basilique de St-Denis, Saint-Denis - Porte de Paris, Carrefour Pleyel
(RER) (B) : La Plaine-Stade de France
(RER) (D) : Saint-Denis, Stade de France-Saint-Denis
Transilien Ligne H du Transilien : Saint-Denis

History
At the start of the twentieth century, the city was a node of tram lines that connected the city to its neighbors (Épinay-sur-Seine and Enghien - Trinité, Pierrefitte, Stains, Aubervilliers, Villeneuve-la-Garenne, Saint-Ouen -on the Seine and Paris These lines were all removed before 1938.