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Roscoff

 

Roscoff is a French commune in Léon located on the north coast of Brittany, in the department of Finistère. A former haven for privateers and then smugglers, from where the Johnnies left to sell their pink onions, Roscoff, approved as a “small town of character”, is a small seaside town which has preserved its architectural heritage from the 16th and 17th centuries. Its deep-water port, served by Irish Ferries and Brittany Ferries, which is headquartered there, provides ferry connections to the British Isles as well as Spain.

Its foreshore, swept by tides with a tidal range of up to 10.40 m, is home to a biological diversity specific to two border algae ecosystems, the study of which, in 1872, is the origin of the first European pole of research and development. teaching in marine biology, the Roscoff Biological Station. Sought after for its iodized spray and the mild climate maintained by a sea current that varies only between 8 ° C and 18 ° C, Roscoff saw the birth of the concept of a thalassotherapy center in 1899, with the institute of Rockroum, and the foundation of a heliomarin center in 1900.

Île-de-Batz is served by speedboats from the old port of Roscoff.

 

Geography

Physical geography
Roscoff occupies the tip of the promontory which closes the bay of Morlaix to the west. The city stretches over 619 hectares north of Saint-Pol-de-Léon, 5 kilometers from center to center, with which it tends to form a conurbation, and has 14 kilometers of coastline with several beaches of very fine white sand. . Access by land is from Saint-Pol by a single road, the RD 58, the old national road, or from Santec, to the southwest, by a small coastal road.

This territory is drawn by three points. The one in the middle, the least marked, occupies the center of the old town and is called the Pointe du Vil. The other two are, 0.665 miles to the east, the Bloscon peninsula, separated from the previous one by the little cove of the old port, and, 0.604 miles to the west, the tip of Perharidy, separated from the same by the cove of Laber. This one, sinking for nearly two kilometers between the peninsulas, is fully discovered at low tide. Its upstream third has been a polder since 1835.

The Roscoff region, warmed by the Gulf Stream and protected from the north winds by Île-de-Batz, belongs to the privileged zone of the Golden Belt, this loess outcrop thirty to sixty centimeters deep, formed in Devensien by friable droppings and moraines from the edge of the ice cap, whose fertility, although over a thousand times thinner, compares only to that of the Yellow River plain. It is this loess, amended by the magnesium of maërl and the phosphates of seaweed, which gives the impression that the Roscovites, like Ulysses, cultivate sand.

Location and transport
Roscoff is 98 nautical miles, or 182 kilometers, from Plymouth, 210 kilometers from Rennes and 562 from Paris. It takes 6 hours by ferry, about 15 hours sailing (but two days in headwinds), to reach Plymouth. The Morlaix aerodrome and the Landivisiau base are each around thirty kilometers away.