Lavrio

 

Lavrio (known in the 19th century as Lavrio Laboratories) is a small town in the southeastern part of Attica and the seat of the Municipality of Lavreotiki. It is known since classical antiquity for the mining of silver, which was one of the main sources of income of the city-state of Athens, for the production of coins and the financing of the Athenian fleet. Part of the city has been characterized as a traditional settlement. Lavrio can be characterized as a place with great historical and monumental density.

 

Generally
Lavrio has a port. In recent years, significant resources have been allocated for the regeneration and expansion of the port. In this context, the road that connects it with the airport and therefore with the capital was also modernized. Lavrio was once a thriving industrial city with many industries, but after the final closure of the mines (circa 1980) and most industries as a result of the general deindustrialization of the country, it went through a period of economic crisis and increased unemployment. The main occupation of its inhabitants is work in small industries and handicrafts. Due to its relatively short distance from the area of ​​Koropi (about 30 km), which is an industrial center, where a significant number of residents work.

Lavrio is located 40 km SE of Athens (60 km by road) and 7 km north of Cape Sounio.

The modern city is built around the port and faces east to the island of Makronisos (formerly the island of Eleni).

Transportation
Historical elements of the railway
From 1885 until 1957 there was a railway connection Athens - Lavrio, which initially started at Lavriou Square (the first square on 3rd of September Street after Omonia) of Athens (and later the Peloponnese Railway Station) and ended in the center of Lavrio next to today's Iroos, a total network length of 67.1 km, built by the "Hellenic Company of Lavrio Metallurgy".

Future railway plans
There are theoretical plans for reactivation of the railway line (with small variations of the route) between Lavrio and Markopoulos and its connection with the station "Koropi Junction" of the railway line SKA. - Airport that continues to the center of Athens. However, there is no work in progress, no secured resources, not even line design. The reopening of Lavreotiko is planned by ERGOSE, as shown in its project schedule.

Buses
The route of KTEL Athens (Pedion Areos) - Peania - Koropi - Markopoulo - Keratea - Lavrio - Sounio, runs every 30 minutes from 06.00 to 21.00 (approximately). The route to Lavrio takes about 2 hours, as there are many stops, although there are also express routes via Attiki Odos on weekdays.

The KTEL route Athens (Pedion Areos) - Glyfada - Saronida - Anavyssos - Legrena - Sounio - Lavrio, runs every 60 minutes. The total duration is about 2 hours and 30 minutes.

There are also local public transport routes in the neighborhoods of the city.

Motorways
Lavrio is connected to Markopoulo via Lavriou Avenue (GR-91). From there there are 3 connections:

Attiki Odos (paying tolls - € 2.80 for passengers)
The continuation of Lavrio Avenue that through Paiania, Agia Paraskevi and Cholargos ends in the center of Athens.
Koropiou - Varis Avenue
The Athens-Sounio coastal avenue connects southern and eastern Athens with Sounio, through Glyfada, Saronida, Anavyssos, Legrenon.