Flevoland, Netherlands

The province of Flevoland is in the Netherlands. It is the twelfth and youngest province of the Netherlands (since January 1, 1986) and consists of the Noordoostpolder, eastern and southern Flevoland. All were created by draining parts of the former Zuiderzee, including the former islands of Urk and Schokland. Most of the areas were not settled until the 1950s. Accordingly, there are almost no "old" sights.

Flevoland is bordered by the province of Fryslân to the north and the province of Overijssel to the north-east. It borders the Markermeer and the IJsselmeer to the north. In the southeast the province borders on the province of Gelderland, in the south on the provinces of Utrecht and Noord-Holland.

The province is characterized by a lot of open land. The capital is Lelystad, one of six municipalities in the entire province. Cities are planned on the drawing board - often with canals and streets according to the wishes of Dutch residents. Almere is a satellite city of Amsterdam: many residents commute there every day via a bridge. Therein lies the actual meaning of this province, which has been laboriously wrested from the water: it is intended to provide additional residential areas in the center of the Netherlands.

Actually, Flevoland would now be one polder larger - because the Markermeer in the west of the two existing islands should also be dyked, pumped out and made land. But the Dutch then decided against this original plan. Land reclamation would not have been profitable, and more water surface areas were kept for tourism and nature conservation. The area is important for migratory birds. In the event of further drainage, there were also fears of groundwater problems for the drained land.

In 2003, a final decision was made against draining. But since 2012, five artificial islands have been planned in the Markermeer. The first was completed in 2016.



The province consists of two parts:
the smaller Noordoostpolder, which is a continuation of the mainland, and
the Flevopolder, the largest artificial island in the world.
The Flevopolder is connected to the mainland by bridges and linked to the Houtribdijk, a dyke between the capital Lelystad and the city of Enkhuizen in North Holland. The province is up to 5 meters below sea level.







With the exception of Urk, the residents of the province have come from different parts of the Netherlands. There is therefore no Flevoland dialect.


Getting here

The best way to get to the Flevopolder is by car. The rail connection from Amsterdam to Hilversum has a branch that goes via Almere to Lelystad and from there via Dronten to Kampen and Zwolle. The railway does not serve the Noordoostpolder.



If you are dependent on public transport, the only option for the traveler is the bus. There has been an official cycle route in the Almere region since 2004.


Sightseeing features

Flevoland has only 48 imperial monuments, while every other province has at least a thousand. The young province doesn't have much history to offer. Instead, you take care of current leisure activities and take care of what you have, e.g. B. Urk and especially water sports.


What to do

Walibi Holland is a larger family park (formerly Six Flags Holland) with forty attractions in Biddinghuizen (in the municipality of Dronten).

Tulip Festival in the Noordoostpolder
From mid-April to early May, the Tulip Festival takes place in the Noordoostpolder. in this period is u. a. a car circuit to tuple fields is signposted. There are also tulip markets, a tulip information center and a pick-your-own field. Information in German from the Noordoostpolder Tourist Office: www.vvvnoordoostpolder.nl/de/tulpen



There are no special specialties, the typical Dutch cuisine is cultivated (here in the cooking wiki). Fish is traditionally served in Urk.



Almere has the typical big city problems that also characterize Amsterdam. Otherwise, the province is considered a very quiet area.



Because large parts of Flevoland lie below sea level, cold air can collect here and cool down even further, resulting in surprisingly low minimum temperatures. The province has the reputation of a "barren and windy plain". That was also the case shortly after the impoldering, but there is hardly anything left of it in the towns and villages today. Large forests were planted and building also had a moderating influence. However, when the Markeermeer and the IJsselmeer are frozen over in winter, West Flevoland struggles with fog and low temperatures, while elsewhere it can be sunny and (much) milder.



The province is on average five meters below sea level and is made up of
the Noordoostpolder, which adjoins the territory of the provinces of Overijssel and Friesland,
the eastern Flevoland and
the southern Flevoland.

Eastern and southern Flevoland form an artificial island. In contrast to the Noordoostpolder, a narrow strip of water was left between the polder and the mainland. This prevents the groundwater level from sinking and gives the previous coastal towns access to the water. Flevoland is surrounded by remnants of water that today form long stretches of inland lakes. These remnants of the Zuiderzee are only a few meters wide in some places and have the character of canals there. These include the Veluwemeer, the Drontermeer, the Gooimeer and the Ketelmeer.



Flevoland takes its name from the inland lake lacus flevo in the eastern delta area of the Rhine, which became the Zuiderzee bay when the sea collapsed during storm surges at the end of the 13th century. Almost the entire current land area of the province was created after the construction of the dyke that turned the Zuiderzee into the inland lake IJsselmeer in 1932, by draining (new land reclamation) of parts of the former Zuiderzee as part of the Zuiderzeewerke - a project the idea of which dates back to 1891 .

Exceptions are the former islands of Urk and Schokland, which have been surrounded by today's Noordoostpolder since the "poldering". The province is characterized by wide open spaces and planned development.

The municipality of Urk initially belonged to the province of North Holland. In 1950 she moved to the province of Overijssel after the Northeast Polder was completed. At this point in time, the formation of a new, twelfth province of the Netherlands was already planned under the name of Flevoland, which should offer 300,000 inhabitants a place to live. The planned provincial capital should be called Flevostad. The municipality of Noordoostpolder was formed in 1962 in the area of the Northeast Polder. It was initially assigned to the province of Overijssel. However, the future provincial capital, created in 1967, was given the name Lelystad.

The areas on the southern IJsselmeer polder initially belonged to the public body Southern IJsselmeer polders. As a result of the formation of communities, the area of the corporation became smaller and smaller.

The following congregations broke away from the corporation:
Dronten in 1972
Lelystad in 1980
Almere in 1984
Zeewolde in 1984

Finally, with effect from 1 January 1986, the province of Flevoland was formed, which from that date included all of the municipalities listed above.



Flevoland is divided into six municipalities: Lelystad, Almere, Dronten, Noordoostpolder, Urk and Zeewolde. The population was 444,850 (January 1, 2023). The average age of the population is below the Dutch average. In 2008, Flevoland was the region with the highest birth rate in Europe, not least because of the large influx of young families at the time.



The Provincial Parliament (Dutch Provinciale Staten) has its seat in the Provinciehuis in the provincial capital of Lelystad. According to the population in the province, the parliament consists of 41 seats.

In the provincial elections on March 20, 2019, the parties obtained the following vote shares: FvD 17.79% (8 seats), VVD 13.17% (6 seats), PVV 9.27% (4 seats), GroenLinks 8.53% ( 4 seats), CDA 8.31% (3 seats), PvdA 8.21% (3 seats), ChristenUnie 7.03% (3 seats), SP 5.83% (2 seats), 50PLUS 4.93% ( 2 seats), D66 4.89% (2 seats), PvdD 4.38% (2 seats), SGP 3.84% (1 seat), DENK 2.09% (1 seat), other 1.72%.

The next provincial election will take place on March 22, 2023.

At the head of the province is the king's commissioner. Since November 2008, this has been Leen Verbeek, a social democrat. The college van Gedeputeerde Staten, i.e. the government, has been formed since 2019 by a coalition of right-wing liberals, Greens, Christian Democrats, social democrats, Calvinists and left-liberals.


Economy and transport

In 2011, the regional gross domestic product per inhabitant, expressed in purchasing power standards, was 94.31% of the EU-28 average. In 2017, the unemployment rate was 5.7%.

The province is connected by the Dutch motorway A 6 from Amsterdam via Almere and Lelystad to Emmeloord, by the Provinciale route 302 (Enkhuizen–(Markermeer)–Lelystad–Harderwijk) and the Provinciale route N 307 and N 309 via Dronten and Kampen to Zwolle connected to the highway network.

The Weesp–Lelystad railway line connects Lelystad to Amsterdam via Almere and Weesp.

Lelystad Airport is of more regional importance and is located south of the city of the same name.
The medium wave transmitter Flevo and the short wave transmitter Flevo are located in the municipality of Zeewolde in the south of the province.
The province has three hospitals.