is located on the Megaride island of volcanic tuff in the
Gulf of Naples in Italy. The fortress' name means "an egg" and
it gets it from the Medieval legend that ancient Roman poet
Virgil put an egg in the center of the island to support the
military fortifications. Today the island became a peninsula
after a causeway was extended to connect with the mainland.
The history of the island and
dates back to the times of an ancient
Greeks who found their colony on the island in the 6th century.
At a certain time Megaride island served as a villa of Roman
patrician Lucius Licinius Lucullus that was famous for its
abundant feasts. Additionally his personal resort housed an
expansive library, garden of peach trees exported from Persia
and even an eel farm. In the middle of the fifth century the
island was fortified by Emperor Valentinian III. The last Roman
Emperor Romulus Augustus was sent to
into exile after being
deposed by his own general Odoacer. Eugippius, a disciple of
Saint Severinus of Noricum, found a monastic community that
existed here till the early Medieval times. Dukes of Naples
razed the monastery along with remains of Licinius' villa, but
the abbey reappeared until being finally destroyed by Roger the
Norman in 1140. The first military fortifications were
established here by the Norman in the 12th century. This was
followed by Charles I Anjou who erected a castle here in the
13th century. The castle dell'Ovo became the official seat of
the Royal Chamber and the State Treasury. In the end of the 15th
century the castle underwent massive reconstruction due to heavy
damages from fighting during the Italian Wars (1494–1559).
Castle dell' Ovo houses the ancient chapel of the Savior as well
as Museum of ancient history. Under the gate Porta Santa Lucia
there are many fish restaurants if you will get hungry, with the
fish delivered straight from the sea.