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Bakery of Sotericus
Location: Regio I
Area: Bakery - 520 square meters.
The house is 157 sq. meters
Rooms: Bakery- 14, House- 6
The Pistrinum of Sotericus or Bakery of Sotericus
lies along Via dell' Abbondanza of Pompeii. The name of the owner
Sotericus was etched on amphorae and on the walls of this large
business enterprise. Bakery worked on a large scale for the citizens
of Pompeii. There was even a vestibule covered by plaster and
frescoes that was intended for customers. Here they could sit on
long benches and wait for their turn to receive bread loafs they
ordered. Unfortunately much of decorations are gone today.
The building actually consists of two parts. On
the one hand there is a bakery (Pistrinum), and on the other hand
there is a small house of Sotericus himself (Caupona) where his
family lived. Both buildings were connected by a door. The owner of
the house could easily get to work straight. Sotericus' bakery on
the map is marked with the letter A, and his private house is marked
with the letter B. Both buildings were opened in 1924 and again
between 1953 and 1961.
Private House of Sotericus
House of Sotericus is located on the south side of the Via Del
Abbondanza Road (Via Dell; Abbondanza) and east of the bakery that
belonged to the same Sotericus. This building was excavated in 1914.
The head of the goddess Minerva flaunted on the facade of the
Necoda. However, today this drawing is almost not visible. The
building itself got its name thanks to the graffiti to the right of
the entrance which says: "I, Sotericus, asks to choose Aulus Trebiy
as an aedilus (government position)." Aedil was called the city
master, who ran public buildings and regulated public festivals,
that is, the position included distribution of bread to masses.
Apparently Sotericus was a friend of a politician or his business
partner and therefore used his bakery for political advertising.
Anyone who came here to buy his bread saw this inscription at the
very counter. Sotericus himself and his family lived in this house.
That part of the house that went outside was turned into a store of
bread and other flour products.
The house itself was different from the bakery with rich frescoes
and various motifs. So on one of the walls you will see an image of
a dog. These are warnings for the enemies of the host. In general,
the topic of dogs is widely developed in Pompeii. They were depicted
on mosaics, walls, etc.