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The House of the Citharist

The House of the Citharist Pompeii

 

 

 

Location: Regio I, Insula 4

Area: 2318 sq meters

Rooms: + 50

 

 

 

The House of the Citharist Pompeii The House of the Citharist Pompeii

The House of the Citharist is located in the Regio I quarter in the Insula 4. The house was named after the statue of Apollo Citharist, found in the lower peristyle. Today a copy stands on the original place, and the original is kept in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples.

 

The House of the Citharist is a badly damaged residential houses along two major Pompeii streets, Via dell' Abbondanza and Via Stabiana. It is easy to recognize the the general outline of the Roman residence, but most of structure above the first floor was destroyed. Frescoes plaster was destroyed during eruption. Archaeological works in the 19th and early 20th century finished the job. After these buildings were exposed many colors, plaster and other components of the residents were weathered by the natural elements.

 

Barbaric archaeological work in the 19th and early 20th century, completed the destruction of the building. The House of the Citharist was originally dug up between 1853 and 1861 and finally dug up in 1868, 1872 and 1929. The House of Citharist, like many other rich houses in Pompeii, was originally built as a few private houses. Only later the owner bought the neighboring houses and joined them into one big mansion.

The House of the Citharist Pompeii  The House of the Citharist Pompeii

A wide entrance on the south side of the atrium opens onto the first of the three peristyles (c) (that is, the inner courtyards). The insula generally descends from north to south and the house of the Citharist is built on several levels to compensate for the slope. This first peristyle, being the most northern, is therefore at the highest level. Peristyle, a colonnade on all four sides, has a central rectangular garden. The columns supporting the colonnade consist of brickwork covered with plaster.

Several steps on the south side of the upper peristyle lead to the middle of the three peristyles (g) (in the photo above left). The area around this middle peristyle was probably the most luxurious part of the house. In the center of the peristyle there is a rectangular garden with a large pisina (pool), near which a bronze group was found in which the boar was attacked by dogs. A copy of the group stands in the same place, and the original statue such as the statue of Apollo Citharist can be seen in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples. Also on the display is a copy of a bronze snake found in the peristyle. On the south side of the middle peristyle, which shares with the lower peristyle, there were seven large windows that could be closed with wooden shutters to separate the two areas.

The middle peristyle is surrounded on all four sides by Corinthian columns made of plaster brickwork. Between the columns hung a series of stone plates depicting fauns and other demigods.

 

The House of the Citharist Pompeii

 

 

 

The House of the Citharist Pompeii