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House of Octavius Quartio
Location: Regio II
House of Octavius Quarto is also known as the H. of Loreius
Tiburtinus. It stands on Via dell'Abbondanza and was first excavated
in 1916. The residence survived despite bombs dropped during World
War II in the area that also hit Pompeii. Later, Octavia Quarto
House was excavated in 1933-35 and finally in 1971. The mansion is
well preserved substantial decorative frescoes and a long narrow
back garden. The Octavia Quarto House is covered with colorful
murals and paintings. Their author left his own autograph at the
bottom of his creation in Latin letters "Lucius Pinxit" or "Lucius
wrote it." Unfortunately, this fresco is lost.
The domus, before the earthquake of 62 AD, covered an entire
insula and had two atriums and two entrances. After the earthquake,
a part of the house (II 2, 4) was made independent and sold to
On the facade of the building, there are two
cauponae, in which there was also access to the upper floor, whose
rooms were probably rented. The house is located near the
amphitheater and one of the city gates.
A garden of the house had a long canal that ran
across it. In the antiquity it was filled with water with a fountain
constructed somewhere half way. Archeologists discovered traces of
plant roots that indicated that the owner like order and symmetry.
Trees, shrubs and plants were planted in straight symmetrical line
along a central pond.
The entrance, with its stone armchairs for the host’s guests, is
surrounded by two shops (originally two rooms that belonged to the
mansion). In the doorway - the remnants of the door. The doors were
wooden, but rotted, remaining cavities. Filling the plaster there,
archaeologists have received an exact copy of the door.
Interestingly, they were open at the time of the eruption. Most
likely the owner escaped at the very beginning of the eruption, and
his neighbors decided to visit the House of Octavia Quarto and steal
everything that could be carried away. The walls of the corridor (a)
retain some fragments of plaster and frescoes, but they are in very
poor condition, which makes it difficult to describe. A corridor
leads to a large rectangular atrium - a living room (b) with a
central imluvium, an internal pool surrounded by a reservoir for
plants. Like the corridor, the atrium received significant damage
due to natural erosion, as well as a bomb that accidentally fell
during World War II.
The garden that belongs to the villa is
cut by a long canal. In ancient times it was filled with water, and
from the fountains there was water. In the very same pools swam
During the excavations, archaeologists discovered
traces of the roots of plants, which grew in perfect symmetry along
an artificial pond. Apparently the owner-owner of the House Octavia
Quarto loved order and symmetry.
The well-preserved frescoes of the House of
Octavia Quarto. On the left is a legend about Narcissus, and on the
right is Pyram's suicide.