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House of the
Address: Insula 9
Area: 400 square meters
the House of the
Orchard has its own small garden, but the name of this mansion was given
thanks to the beautiful frescoes depicting the garden on the walls
of the cubicle-bedroom. These decorations are characteristic of the
first century AD and consist of garden scenes against a blue sky
with birds, flowering shrubs, statues and fountains. The arbor is
decorated with picturesque plaques displaying Egyptian motifs.
The House of the Orchard or House of the Garden stands on the south side of Via delle
Abbondanza and is also known by other names including House Euplia
or House of the Flower Cubicles. This is a small but elegant little
house. The cement door at the entrance to the house was made when
archaeologists found the emptiness left by a rotten wooden door.
Also, the house could be accessed through the door of an adjacent
shop. Apparently the owner of the house or owned this store or
handed over to someone.
A bronze kettle was found in the
House of the Orchard. Apparently it was used to heat water mixed with wine.
In general, the situation in the house speaks of a wealthy, albeit
modest person. The walls of the house are painted very skillfully.
Here you can see many mythological motifs, including Acteon bathing,
Seven against Thebes and Icarus Falls.
The House of the Orchard follows the standard Roman plans, where the
guest garden or atrium is an internal garden. The walls of the
corridor (a) retain some remnants of gypsum and plaster, but they
are in a very weathered condition, making it impossible to determine
the nature of the original mural decoration. The corridor opens into
a square atrium or guest room, which has a central location - an
indoor pool. The atrium (b) is in a semi-destructive state, but the
walls were initially simply covered with small white plaster. The
floor of the atrium consists of crushed lava, decorated with small
pieces of white marble. Directly to the west of the atrium is a
small room (c) with a staircase to the upper floor. However, the
second floor of the House of the Orchard is almost completely
demolished. The room has little space for decoration.