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House of Paquius Proculus
Location: Regio I, Insula 7
Area: 809 square meters
House of Paquius Proculus belonged to Paquius Proculus, a
former baker who used fame and influence to eventually become the
duumviri or a mayor of the whole city of Pompeii. However current
opinion stands that the house didn't actually belong to Paquius
proculus. This error was due to a graffiti found on the facade of
the building during archaeological excavation. Writing advertised
Paquius Proculus. Later during the excavations it became clear that
although Paquius Proculus could be the friend of the owner of this
house, he most likely did not own the house because there were
inscriptions in the house itself indicated that Terentius Neo was
the owner of this house.
A fresco above
is probably that of Paquius Proculus and most likely his wife on the left.
The mural depicts a couple of middle-class Pompeyans, who are
probably husband and wife. The man in the mural wears a toga, a sign
of a Roman citizen; and holds rotous (scroll). This is apparently a
symbol of the fact that he was involved in public or cultural
affairs. The woman on this portrait holds a stylus and a waxen
tables that were used to write. It is somewhat unusual for the time
period for a woman to be literate and be open about it. It seems
that a future mayor wanted to hit as many social groups as he could.
There is a suspicion, based on the physical features of the couple,
that they are Samnites (former enemies of the Roman Republic). This
may explain their desire, show the status that they have achieved in
is an interesting and an enigmatic figure in the history of the city. It
seems that he might have been a Christian. One of the clues that might
suggest that he belonged to this forbidden religion are destroyed pagan
symbols in his bakery. Some were torn off while in places symbols of
penis were covered in plaster. Additionally where was a sign in his
bakery that looked like a Christian cross (picture on the left). During
excavation of his private residence archeologists did discover the Sator
Square at a doorjamb at his house. It is possible that this could be an
indication of religious affiliation of this prominent figure of Pompeii.
Sator is a polydrom, that is, it can be read in both directions.
These letters were found in the house that led some to speculate
that the owner of the house was in fact Christian. You can read more
about Christianity in Pompeii
(From serere = sow) sow, seeder; Founder, grandparent
(usually divine); author
Unknown word, most likely, a
proper name, or coined, or, perhaps, of Egyptian origin. Nowhere was
(From Ténéré = hold) holds, holds; comprehends;
possesses; masters; saves
(Noun) work, care; help,
service, effort / concern; (From opus): work, business.
(From the noun Rota) wheel
It would seem silly, but it is
enough to transfer the letters and we have a Christian cross with
the words "Pater Noster" or Our Father and the letters Alpha and
Omega. The beginning and end of the Greek alphabet.