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House of the Priest Amandus
entrance to the house of the Priest Amandus opens inconspicuously
from the south side of Via dell Abbondanza to the west of its
confluence with the Vicolo del Efebo. This building was first excavated in 1912 and again investigated in more
detail in 1924. The house of the priest Amandus got its name from
the inscription on the outer wall, which says "Amandus Sakerdos".
You can see it in the far left corner.
It was a modest but
nice little house. Interestingly, under a layer of later frescoes,
pictures and texts were found in Oscan language. Apparently, in
addition to Latin, the locals used at least one, and possibly many
other languages that persisted for several decades after Pompeii
became part of the Roman Empire. 9 bodies of different ages and
sexes were found here. All of them were found in the corridor of the
mansion. Their skeletons were found at a height of a little less
than a meter, which gave archaeologists the right to claim that the
inhabitants of this building died at the very beginning of the
eruption. Apparently at this moment, the residents of the House of
Priest Amandus realized that they had to leave the house and flee
the city. However, their plans were interrupted suddenly. Most
likely it was due to the collapse of the roof, which killed them all
at once. Even if the victims did not immediately die, there was no
one to pull them out from under the ruins.
The corridor where the bodies of the dead were found was found leads
to a square atrium (b) or a living room with rooms on its southern
side. The atrium has a central decorative pool, and its walls are
decorated with frescoes in the third style, although some of this
decoration remains today. The southern wall was decorated with large
white panels above the bottom red frieze. The western wall was
painted red to the upper part of the doors with the upper area in
white, decorated with architectural elements.
The building in
the northeast corner of the atrium is the kitchen (c) of the house.
The walls of the room were roughly plastered, but today there is
little plaster left. On the western wall of the kitchen is a stone
warehouse. In the eastern part of the kitchen there is a small
storage room and a restroom with a low bench on the outer wall. Next
to the kitchen there is, apparently, a pantry (d) with roughly
plastered walls. The room is illuminated by a window, mounted high
in the east wall.